KOMPAS.com – The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (DCD) has just reported on the work that triggers suicide rates. The most risky jobs are those related to construction and mining.
The suicide rate in 2012 and 2015 has increased dramatically due to the type of work performed. This report can not explain the numbers, but, nevertheless, this study can provide information for the planning of prevention strategies.
During the first 16 years of the century, US suicide rates continued to increase from 12.9 to 17.3 per 100,000 people. That increase means one-third alone.
This is an alarming trend and there is no single factor that can be responsible.
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Economic changes and forms of psychological stress can also play an important role. In addition, drug abuse can reduce mental health.
But the problem is that suicide is something very complicated. For this reason, the CDC does research that can identify who is most at risk of committing suicide.
"Increasing suicide rates in the United States is a worrying trend that is a tragedy for families and communities. It also has an impact on employment in America," said Deb Houry, director of CDC. Science AlertOn Friday (11/16/2018).
"Knowing who is most at risk of committing suicide can help save human lives," added Houry.
Most adults spend most of their time in the work environment. It makes sense to understand how our careers can influence the risk of depression to the desire to commit suicide.
"More research into the role of workplaces in suicide prevention is needed, including improving working conditions and reducing stress," the report said.
These figures are based on data extracted from the National Death Accounts System's 2012 and 2015 results, which included more than 22,000 Americans aged 16-64 in 17 states.
By 2015, more than 1,400 construction and mining workers (men) died of suicide.
That was an astonishing rate of 53.2 workers per 100,000, up from 43.6 in 2012, making the group of workers riskier by far.
The jobs that occupy the third most risky position are people who work in the areas of arts, entertainment, sports and media. The data showed a jump in the risk of suicide by up to 50% between 2012 and 2015, going from 26.9 to 39.7 per 100,000 workers.
The same occupational group represents the highest rates of suicide for women, with 11.7 per 100,000 in 2012 and 15.6 in 2015.
People who work in health protection and support services also have a very high risk.
Meanwhile, the type of work that is at risk of causing suicide in women is related to the preparation and presentation of food. There is at least an increase of 54%, from 6.1 to 9.4.
Jobs in the education system and libraries represent some of the lowest suicide rates among men and women.
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Decreased suicide risk
Fortunately, there are also signs of a decline in suicide rates in various occupations.
For men involved in agricultural and livestock-related work, the figure fell from 44.9 to 32.2. This value is still high, but at least the downward trend is correct.
Women working in the legal profession also experienced a decline of about 17%, from 11.1 to 9.2.
Literally, tens of thousands of people across the US have taken their own lives in 2016, placing them among the top ten leading causes of death. More than half of them do not have a diagnosed mental health condition, increasing the complexity of this problem.
There is no easy solution. But reaching those who make more profits is a big step in overcoming this crisis.