JACARTA – Human curiosity about the existence of life on the planet Mars may be known in the coming years.
With the condition of the planet Mars, which has proved to have a water and methane content, it increasingly encourages the desire of experts to prove that the planet Mars can be inhabited by humans someday.
Jakarta's Astronomy Observatory and Planetarium, Widya Sawitar, explained that research on the planet Mars was carried out by specialists well before the landing of the equipment was carried out on Mars.
"The theory that Mars can be inhabited has been asserted by many experts. Because of the long-distance image through a telescope, it is known that there are many similarities with Mars to the Earth," said Widya when he met on Tuesday. (25/06/2019).
The first, according to Widya, was the discovery of two satellites of Mars, which were later called Deimos and Phobos by Asaph Hall.
"The distance of Phobos from the center of Mars is three times the diameter of Mars, which is about 9,380 km with a circulation period of 7 , And Deimos has five times the diameter of Mars, which is 23,460 km with a circulation period of 30.3 hours. "This shows that the rotation is almost similar to that of the Earth," he explained.
In 1966, Herschel followed the rotation movement of Mars and his research was continued by Cassini, who was able to conclude that the period of rotation of Mars was similar to Earth.
"This is the beginning of the second reason why Mars meets the requirements for further investigation, namely the discovery of an ice-pole on Mars by Cassini, and it was concluded that Mars has the same time as Earth's due to the slope or slope of the equatorial field to the ecliptic, "said Widya.
The mapping of the surface of Mars in 1858 gave rise to the term canali. Which is defined as the river channel.
"Initially studied by Madler and Beer in 1840. Refined by Secchi in 1858. But the most scientific discovery was by Schiaparelli using a telescope given by King Garibaldi in 1878, who claimed to have seen highlands, canals and even lakes," said Widya .
Research using spectrum-based spectroscopy in the 1930s shows that Mars's atmosphere is thin and dominated by carbon dioxide with little water and oxygen.
"These results increasingly encourage research related to Mars and the possibility of life there. Although in my view, it requires a carbon dioxide-forming reaction, which is similar to the greenhouse effect on Earth, to make the atmosphere system more so it forms a beginning of life from the process, "Widya said further.
The latest results from Mars research, is a NASA statement related to the discovery of a significant methane gas wave Saturday (22/6) by Mars Rover, Curiosity.
In a statement, NASA explained that a series of Mars Sampling (SAM) instruments detected methane at 21 parts per billion units based on volume, much higher than before.
"Although it is not yet certain, to feel this comes from a biological or non-biological mechanism, but we know that methane is a fundamental part of the formation of small microbes. But again, all of this is still too early to trigger the existence of life. Until finally there is a landing, then we can, "Widya said.
Widya said that so far there have been no human landings on Mars. Experts say that the new projections of human landing will be planned around 2040.
"Technologically, that may be possible, but technology that can bring people in and live there must be very well planned." Because the distance between Earth and Mars, with current technology, can only be achieved within one to two years of travel "It is not the time to search and return to Earth," he concluded.