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Archaeologists reuse 2,000 years of NTT site, what are the latest findings? All Page



KOMPAS.com – In recent years, archaeologists at the National Archaeological Research Center are excavating a site in East Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara. The site is named after the Lambanapu site by region.

The location of Lambanapu itself is estimated between 2,000 and 3,000 years old.

One of the archaeologists involved in this excavation is Retno Handini. This year, Retno re-excavated the same place.

Approximately, what are the most recent findings?

Read also: Archaeologists find tombs of 4,300 years, full of colorful paintings

"I first explored the Lambanapu site in 2016, now it's the fourth year in 2019. This year we opened six boxes and our latest discoveries were 18 people," Retno said by telephone on Friday (04/26/2019 ).

"Of the 18 individuals, 16 of them were adults and two children," he continued.

In addition, Retno said his team also found several tomb burials.

Tempayan Cemetery is a term commonly used to describe a stone tomb or a vessel made of clay.

Latest discoveries

After 4 years of excavation, Retno said that there were two things recently discovered by his team. One is a bronze bowl that is a container for the tomb.

"What has never been found but we have just discovered is that there is a bronze vessel used as a vessel for the tomb," said the archeologist at the Arkenas Library.

"We've never met anywhere else before, and here's also the first," he added.

In addition to the bronze bowl, Retno said he also found a structure that was probably a dog. But, the singularity of this structure is that it is estimated that the dog is very large.

"Apparently, this dog has been sacrificed for a funeral ritual that can be aimed at a large group (considering the size of the dog is very large)," he said. "We also found a picture, probably this is a large dog that is still structured. said Retno.

Read also: Archaeologists discover prehistoric deer fossils in Argentina

It's Not Just a Funeral Site

Retno pointed out that the Lambanapu site in East Sumba was not just a burial place.

"This is really a settlement site, only the part we dig is the grave site, so it really happened that the boxes we dug were his grave," said Retno.

"I am very sure that there is not a place of settlement, not far from the burial site, but we do not find it because the site of Lambanapu is very wide," he continued.

Retno told me about 500 meters from the box he was working on, by 2016 he had already been excavated.

"So the distance from the site is very large. We could not dig everything, so only a few parts," he said.

Retno added: "But it seems quite extensive, and we have not found a place to live in. But we are sure there is." Well, there is a forecast that our settlement site may be below the homes of people who currently live. "

In other words, this site of Lambanapu also covers the area where the residents live today.

"There they stayed, so at the time of the funeral was placed at the funeral we found. So what we found was that the average was a grave and not a place to live," Retno said of his findings.

"Almost everything we found was a vial of human tombs and skeletons," he said.

This is inversely proportional when an old site was a settlement site. If, in a settlement, according to Retno, there must be various tools that support life

Retno gave an example, whether a settlement location will usually be found used equipment, kitchen activities, or umpak (housepots).

"Now that's what we have not found yet, but I'm very optimistic, maybe in future research we'll find the settlement site," Retno said.

"Definitely not far from the location of the tomb," he added.

Read also: Archaeologists discover prehistoric deer fossils in Argentina

The singularity of the site of the Lambanapu Cemetery

As Retno explained, in performing the excavation of six boxes this year, his team found up to 18 skeletons. In other words, in a box there are several frames at one time.

According to Retno, this is unique to Lambanapu's own website.

"There is a part that we think is like a masterpiece and raises a question mark because there are a couple of men and women saying (skeletons)," Retno said.

"Women are at the top, and men are at the bottom, and we believe it comes at once," he added.

Retno said it was very likely that the woman and the man died together.

"We were not able to predict whether the woman died first or the man or how … But it looks like it was buried together or at the same time when seen from the ground layer," Retno explained.

Not only that, under the layer (first cemetery), there is another tomb of a different period.

"The difference in the soil layer if in archeology, a layer can be hundreds of years. So it is very possible that in a box, we will find several graves, several paintings," said Retno.

"But the problem is that we can not lift the picture, so the structure below is not capable of appearing in its entirety. Most are just certain parts," he continued.

These layers are unique in the form of funerals on the Lambanapu site. In fact, the funerary equipment also has its own layer.

"There are a kind of layers (soil). Even we find tombs from tombs up to three piles," Retno said.

That is, while we call the tomb of jars, because it is very possible that the jar is opened as a secondary grave. Maybe so, but we have not opened it yet, "he said firmly.

Retno said his party planned to open the pot of the found tomb. But that also has some special considerations.

Also read: Between two pyramids, archaeologists discover 800 ancient Egyptian tombs

"Certainly we plan to open it, but there is a possibility that this bottle is a container of graves or secondary graves. There are some that were proven with the crates in Melolo, we found a bottle half open and inside there was a picture," recounted Retno.

"That means the jar is used as a tomb. In that bowl too, inside a grave of children," he added.

In other words, the bronze bowl that was discovered this year is also a bowl of graves.

"But what we have just found here is that the pots are still intact. We dare not open because it seems that this requires a more thorough preparation," Retno said thoughtfully.

"Because if we open it means that we are damaging, so we want to test first, make the impressions first and then we dare to stand up, so we have to be very careful about the process," he added.


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