People living far from the green spaces have long been prone to cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, which could lead to even deaths, according to a recent study.
The study, which will be published shortly in the Journal of Public Health, suggests that air pollution may be associated with an increased risk of dangerous diseases such as heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.
Certain cardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of death in developing countries. Hypertension and metabolic syndrome are important causes of cardiovascular diseases. Metabolic syndrome is also associated with abdominal obesity, high blood pressure and higher blood glucose levels.
These conditions are associated with a greater risk for various health problems. The causes of these disorders are complex and are related to genetic factors, lifestyle, diet and environmental factors, including air traffic pollution, traffic noise, housing and neighborhood quality.
The researchers investigated the associations between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and residential distance to green spaces and major roads with the development of hypertension and some components of the metabolic syndrome. These associations were evaluated between people living in private homes or multi-storey houses in the city of Kaunas, a city of 280,000 inhabitants and the second largest city in Lithuania.
In the present study, researchers investigated the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and residential distance to green spaces and major roads with the development of hypertension and some components of the metabolic syndrome. These components included: a high level of triglycerides, reduction of high density lipoprotein cholesterol, increased blood glucose and obesity. The associations were evaluated among people who lived in private or multifamily homes.
The results indicated that levels of air pollution above the median are associated with a higher risk of reduction of high density lipoprotein. Traffic-related exposure was associated with the incidence of hypertension, higher levels of triglycerides, and reduction of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. However, the negative impact of air pollutants on traffic was observed only in participants living in multifamily buildings.
"Our research results allow us to say that we should regulate as much space as possible for a person in multifamily residences, improve the acoustic isolation of apartments and promote the development of green spaces in multifamily residences," said the study's lead author. Agne Braziene.
(This story was not edited by the Business Standard team and generated automatically from a syndicated feed.)