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On World Prematurity Day, rising preterm babies demand more care, says Pune docs – pune news



Premature babies need immediate care after birth to avoid complications, especially in the golden hour, which is the first 60 minutes after birth. City doctors say proper care can help these babies lead healthy lives.

Babies born before 37 weeks of pregnancy are called premature babies.

World Prematurity Day is celebrated on November 17 to draw attention to the extra care these babies need. City doctors believe there has been an increase in the number of premature babies for several reasons, including: older mothers, fertility drugs, early induction, caesarean sections, malaria, HIV, and high teenage pregnancy.

According to a World Health Organization (WHO) report, "Born too early" of the 15 million babies in the world, more than one in ten are born prematurely and up to 75% of these babies die soon after birth, many more. suffer from physical, neurological or educational disabilities throughout their lives.

Dipti Shah, a pediatric consultant at Apollo Hospital, said: "It's not that the problem of prematurity is restricted to low-income countries, even the US is one of the top ten countries with the highest rate of premature babies being born."

However, with the right care, these babies can live a long and healthy life. Dr. Tushar Parikh DM, (Neonatology), Maternity Hospital, says that a premature baby should be treated in neonatal intensive care units (CIN) because it has unique medical requirements. He adds, "These babies need immediate care after birth to avoid complications, especially in the golden hour, which occurs within the first 60 minutes after the baby is born."

Parikh says that during this time, the primary focus should be to establish the child's breathing and provide the right type of respiratory support. He adds: “Often, these premature babies need resuscitation at birth. Golden hour care includes neonatal resuscitation as well as post resuscitation care. Transporting these babies to neonatal intensive care can be an important task as these babies are more fragile and are at risk of developing major complications during this phase. The ambulance for the transport of premature babies is different from the adult ambulance. It must contain a baby incubator and all necessary devices for the care and monitoring of the neonatal ventilator. "

Premature complications of birth include low birth weight (newborns weighing less than 2,500 grams at birth), due to prematurity and / or restricted growth in the womb, also a major contributor to newborn and child deaths, in addition to disability and non-communicable diseases worldwide.

The family also plays a crucial role here, says Dr. Parikh, as the baby can stay in the hospital longer and therefore emotional support is needed from the mother. Parikh said: “It has been observed in the last 10 years that the number of urban women getting pregnant for the first time in their late 30s and 40s is increasing. Many of them need to resort to IVF techniques. They have a greater chance of giving birth to a premature baby. "

Caring for premature babies

– Babies born before 37 weeks of pregnancy are called premature babies.

– According to a World Health Organization (WHO) report 'Born very early', of the 15 million babies in the world, more than 1 in 10 are born prematurely and up to 75% of these babies die soon after. At birth, many others suffer from physical, neurological or educational disabilities throughout their lives.

– These babies need immediate care after birth to avoid complications, especially in the golden hour, which is the first 60 minutes after birth.

Transporting these babies to neonatal intensive care units can be an important task as these babies are more fragile and are at risk of developing major complications during this phase. The ambulance for the transport of premature babies is different from the adult ambulance.


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