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National Epilepsy Day: All You Need To Know About This Neurological Disease



Epilepsy is a medical condition of the brain that results in attacks or premature attacks. The World Health Organization has described epilepsy as a "chronic noncommunicable brain disease characterized by recurrent seizures."

The WHO also reported that nearly 50 million people worldwide suffer from epilepsy. It is considered one of the most common neurological diseases worldwide.

India observes National Epilepsy Day on November 17 to raise awareness of the disease. Several seminars and discussion sessions are held across the country to educate people about the disease, its causes, symptoms and, of course, ways to treat epilepsy.

The National Health Portal listed the causes and symptoms of epilepsy and also mentioned some tips for epilepsy patients.

Causes:

· Brain damage caused by prenatal and perinatal injury

· Congenital anomalies

· Brain Infections

· Stroke and brain tumors

· Head injuries / accidents

· Prolonged high fever during childhood

Symptoms:

Sudden spasms (uncontrollable jerky movements of the arms and legs)

· Loss of consciousness

Tingling sensation (needlestick sensation) in the arms or legs

Stiffness in the muscles of the arms, legs or face

Some tips for patients:

· Take epilepsy medications regularly, as recommended by a doctor, even if you are not having seizures.

· Do not stop medications without your doctor's advice.

· Consult your doctor while taking other medicines to avoid possible side effects or complications.

· Do not drink alcohol as it causes seizures.

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