Updated: 11/06/2019 14:15 IST
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Washington DC [USA], November 6 (ANI): While medical advances ensure longer life expectancy for women with HIV +, they put them at risk of entering the menopausal transition earlier – three years younger than the population. generally.
Yes, the average age of HIV + women has decreased to 48 years from 50-52. The finding was published in Menopause, the magazine of the American Menopause Society (NAMS).
Newly diagnosed HIV-positive patients who adhere to the latest therapy protocols are expected to live to age 70 or older. This means that these patients now face aging problems that affect sexual and reproductive health, including menopause.
Previous studies have shown that women living with HIV are at increased risk of early (age 40 to 45) and premature (age <40) menopause (also known as primary ovarian failure).
However, this study from Canada is the first known study to determine the average age of menopause for HIV patients, the prevalence of early menopause (between 40 and 45 years) and premature menopause (before 40 years) and other correlates that influence the age at menopause.
The researchers confirmed that women living with HIV suffer menopause at a younger age, specifically 48 years, approximately three years before uninfected women.
This population also had higher rates of early menopause and premature menopause. In addition, low education and hepatitis C co-infections have also been shown to influence the risk of early menopause, with other possible modifying factors, including marital status and region of birth.
Because menopause is associated with mood swings, sexual function, reduced quality of life, and increased risk of developing other comorbidities such as heart disease and osteoporosis, increasing a woman's risk for early menopause has implications for healthcare professionals. who plan their care.
"Healthcare professionals should be aware of the increased risk of early and early menopause in female patients living with HIV in order to provide appropriate counseling and treatment given the known increased risk of possible long-term adverse health consequences. associated with early estrogen deprivation, "said Dr. Stephanie Faubion, NAMS Medical Director. (ANI)