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Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: 4 constitutional amendments



The Macedonian government has submitted to Parliament a draft amendment to the Constitution, which earlier adopted the cabinet of the country on Friday. Overall, Zoran Zaev's government has submitted four amendments to Parliament.

Talat Tzaferi's House Chair convened the plenary session of the House on 1 December to vote on the draft amendment. The approval of the draft amendment to the Constitution requires a simple majority in Parliament, which the government of Zoran Zayev is comfortable with.

Previously, the four amendments to the Constitution were examined by the parliamentary committee of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, whose first meeting was scheduled for 7 November. According to Parliament's Rules of Procedure, the debate on each amendment to the Commission lasts for a maximum of three days.

Read the full text with the changes:

"These amendments shall form an integral part of the constitution of the Republic of Macedonia and the significance of the Interim Agreement of 1995 shall enter into force on the date of the entry into force of the definitive agreement on resolutions 817 (1993) and 845 (1993). the ratification by the Hellenic Republic of the NATO Membership Protocol.

XXXIII. AMENDMENT

In the Constitution, the words "Republic of Macedonia" are replaced by "Republic of Northern Macedonia" and the word "Macedonia" is replaced by "Northern Macedonia", with the exception of Article 36.

explanation:

The purpose of these amendments to the Constitution is to implement the agreement with Greece allowing the accession of the Republic of Macedonia to the European Union and NATO.

Amendments adopted on the date of ratification of the Parliament of the Hellenic Republic and ratification of the NATO Accession Protocol by a final agreement with the Hellenic Republic. Consequently, if the two documents do not come into force, the proposed amendments will not enter into force.

In addition, under the Agreement, the implementation of the provisions on documents and materials issued by the authorities of the Republic of Macedonia is defined by constitutional law.

XXXIV. AMENDMENT

In the preamble to the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia, the words "decisions of ASNOM" are replaced by the words "ASNOM's first ASNOM meeting for the people of Macedonia for the ASNOM meeting" after "year" and "Ohrid Framework" and "Decided" are deleted.

explanation:

The purpose of these amendments to the Constitution is to implement the agreement with Greece allowing the accession of the Republic of Macedonia to the European Union and NATO.

In order to bring the text of the Preamble into line with the Treaty with Greece, the relevant preamble should be amended accordingly. In the preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia, when referring to the state legal traditions, specific documents of ASNOM, namely the declaration of the first session of ASNOM for the Macedonian people to the ASNOM meeting, are named. The preamble forms part of the Ohrid Framework Agreement, which has already been incorporated into the 2001 constitutional amendments.

XXXV. AMENDMENTS

Democracy respects the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of neighboring countries.

Paragraph 1 of the amendment is supplemented by Article 3.

explanation:

The purpose of these amendments to the Constitution is to implement the agreement with Greece allowing the accession of the Republic of Macedonia to the European Union and NATO.

The agreement confirms the mutual borders between the permanent and inviolable international borders between the Republic of Macedonia and Greece, with the commitment that none of the two countries demand or support any part of the territory of another State and does not claim that the mutual limit. In addition, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Greece have promised not to rely on claims by third parties.

The Republic of Macedonia and Greece undertake to respect the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of the other state and not support the activities of third parties opposing the sovereignty, territorial integrity or political independence of the other State.

In addition, the two countries have undertaken, in accordance with the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter, to refrain from threats or the use of force, including threats or the use of force to violate existing borders.

Article 3 of the Constitution states that the territory of the Republic of Macedonia is indivisible and inalienable. The present borders of the Republic of Macedonia are inviolable. Macedonia has no territorial intentions in neighboring countries. The borders of the Republic of Macedonia can only be altered in accordance with the Constitution and the principle of voluntary participation and in accordance with generally accepted international rules.

This article was amended by Amendment I in 1992 when the principle of voluntary border crossing and compliance with generally accepted international standards were incorporated. This amendment further states that the Republic of Macedonia has no territorial intentions towards neighboring countries.

The proposed new constitutional amendment calls for respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity and the political independence of neighboring countries.

XXXVI AMENDMENT

The Republic defends, guarantees and cares for the historical and cultural heritage of the Macedonian people.
Democracy protects the rights and interests of citizens who live or reside abroad and promote their relations with their homeland.
The Republic provides for members of Macedonian foreign nationals living abroad.
Democracy does not interfere with the sovereign rights and internal affairs of other states.
This amendment replaces Article 49 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

explanation:

The purpose of these amendments to the Constitution is to implement the agreement with Greece allowing the accession of the Republic of Macedonia to the European Union and NATO.

Under the Agreement, the Republic of Macedonia and Greece do not contain any provision in the Constitution, can be interpreted or interpreted in such a way that the domestic affairs of another State are in any form or form in any form, for whatever reason, including the protection of status and first non-nationals.

Article 49 of the Constitution stipulates that the Republic shall ensure the situation and rights of its members in the neighboring countries and the Macedonian nationals of Macedonians, assist their cultural development and support their relations with them. The Republic shall provide for the cultural, economic and social rights of the republicans. Democracy does not interfere with the sovereign rights and internal affairs of other states.

This article is reproduced in Annex II, 1992. Amendment also amended, stating that the Republic will not interfere with the sovereign rights and internal affairs of other states.

The proposed amendment of the Constitution emphasizes the obligation of the Republic of Macedonia to preserve, guarantee and cultivate the historical and cultural heritage of the Macedonian people. The amendment also guarantees the rights and interests of citizens living or residing abroad and their relations with their country. The amendment stipulates that the Republic shall provide for members of the Macedonian people living abroad without interfering with the sovereign rights and internal affairs of other States. "

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