Increased risk of heart disease over dinner?
If women consume more calories daily at night, this may increase their risk of cardiovascular disease.
A recent study found that women who consume more calories daily at night are more likely to develop cardiovascular disease compared with women who consume those calories throughout the day. The results of the study were presented at this year's American Heart Association scientific sessions in Philadelphia.
112 women were examined for the study
In their study, the researchers evaluated the cardiovascular health of 112 women, with an average age of 33 years. Special consideration has been given to risk factors that may be ameliorated by changes in lifestyle. These risk factors included, for example, non-smokers, physical activity, healthy diet and healthy body weight, as well as measurement of cholesterol, blood pressure and blood sugar levels.
For all women, a heart health value was calculated
The researchers calculated a heart health score for the participating women based on the above factors. Participants kept electronic nutrition diaries on a computer or cell phone to report how much, how much, and when they consumed for one week at baseline and twelve months later for one week. These data were used to determine the relationship between heart health and mealtimes.
Too many calories for dinner had a negative impact on heart health.
Most women consumed only small amounts of food after 6 pm. Participants who consumed a higher proportion of their daily calories after 6 pm had poorer heart health.
Effects of late caloric intake
With each 1% increase in calories eaten after 6 pm, heart health also deteriorated. When women consumed a large proportion of their daily calories after 6 pm, they were more likely to experience higher blood pressure, increased BMI, and poorer long-term control of blood glucose. Similar results were observed with each increase in calorie consumption by one percent after 20.00.
It matters what time the calories are taken
"So far, lifestyle approaches to preventing heart disease have focused on what we eat and how much we eat," study author Dr. Nour Makarem of Columbia University College of Doctors and Surgeons in New York, NY. a press release from the American Heart Association. In the future, we should also consider it possible when we eat.
More research is needed
The study results suggest that eating, taking into consideration the time and percentage of calories ingested at dinner, is a simple and modifiable behavior to reduce the risk of heart disease. Future results should be confirmed in further studies with larger samples and other populations. (THE)
- Heart Eating for Heart Health Problems for Women, American Heart Association (consult: 11.11.2019), American Heart Association
This article contains general information only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot replace a doctor's visit.