How 39 humans were infected


A man in Brooklyn The ultra-Orthodox Jewish community is collecting money for charity, it is only on the way to DetroitSuddenly, he feels really bad. Upon his arrival, he turns to a doctor. This patient diagnoses fever and cough – with dramatic consequences.

Because the man infected the next days 39 people with the measles virus. His case shows how easily one of Earth's most dangerous pathogens spreads – even to people who actually live, work, and socialize outside urban centers and the mainstream.

An origin in the smallest communities

"Each of our cases had a connection with the original case," he says. Leigh-Anne StaffordHe is a health officer for Oakland County, a suburb of DetroitHe comes to this perception of experience. In the last five years, 75% of reported cases cases of measles especially in small communities – including the Amish Ohio, the Somali community in Minnesota, the Eastern European groups in the Pacific Northwest and the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community in New York,

Read too: Measles 2019: Is the vaccination valid?

In this particular case, infections focus primarily on ultra-orthodox communities WestchesterRockland County New York) Oakland County in Michigan and Baltimore County in Maryland, In addition, adult after visiting Brooklyn infected with the measles virus. It is soon clear to the authorities that there are eleven cases in the area of ‚Äč‚ÄčOcean County and New York there are concrete connections. "They all live very close to each other," he says. Daniel Salmon, Professor of International Health at John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Government, TV, internet and vaccines skeptics

Many of these communities distrust the government, avoid television and the Internet. Therefore, people are also more skeptical about vaccines. Many parents refrain from completely vaccinating their children.

Read too: Nahles defends measles vaccination for Kita and school children

The "Patient Zero" (Someone virus published for the first time in healthy communities) was due only in Israel per Brooklyn come over. There he spent two months before moving to the region around the beginning of March Detroit changed, as the medical director of the Oakland County, Russel's Fist, in front of Washington Post says. The goal: for the ultra-orthodox communities in the U.S Collect money for charity.

A wrong diagnosis

Like illness on the trip to Detroit The man is going to see a doctor. He ignores the seriousness of the situation, just gives him a diagnosis of fever and cough and prescribes antibiotics. When the rash follows the next morning, he calls the doctor again. This is initially from an allergic reaction, comes after some time, but pondering. Finally, he worries that it may also be a measles infection.

Read too: Vaccination: what else do we believe in?

He contacts the health department and also leaves the "Zero Patient" phone number. However, it is no longer accessible because his cell phone broke. Instead, they turn to each other Steve McGrawHead of ambulance service in Oakland and former member of an Emergency Relief Group of the ultra-Orthodox community. McGraw alarmed the rabbinical leaders and is in search of the area in which the wanted wanted to stay.

Stunned after diagnosis

Patient Zero is now in a guest house in the neighborhood. Based on his conspicuous rental car, the patient is found. He is shocked when he is from diagnosis learns and initially convinced that one should err on suspicion. "That's the only explanation. measles", Gives McGraw to understand the traveler.

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He put his head back and was very emotional. I could tell by his expression that he was devastated and the gears in his head were racing at full speed. "Because the patient has to list all the people with whom he has been in contact since the outbreak.

Contact hundreds of people

Turns out there were hundreds – especially parishioners. Then he visited the synagogue three times a day to pray and study. He visited kosher markets and pizzerias – in one week he was in 30 places. And all the people in contact with him had to be tracked by the health authorities.

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How much the virus really is contagious can be shown by the numbers: Humans can have the four days before and four days after the outbreak of treacherous skin virus spread. In order to minimize the risk of outbreaks as much as possible, therefore, 96 percent of the population should be vaccinated. It is person in a room in which two hours before one with measles infected person, there is a 90% chance that they will also be infected – if they are not vaccinated.

The message reaches the public

On March 13 he was sure: a blood test confirms the suspicion of measles. In addition, the numerous cases that have already been reported in the New York area may be linked to the case – thanks to the virusNow the public and above all the isolated ultra-Orthodox communities had to be informed. To this end, health authorities have used an internal community intelligence service. As a result, 1200 cell phones received a voice message.

Read too: Children and adolescents require vaccination against measles

Several doctors from ultra-orthodox communities traveled through communities, testing and diagnosing them virus, A Council of Rabbis Detroit made a statement obliging its members to vaccinate. "To protect everyone in the community, each institution must take the necessary precautions against those who do not want to be vaccinated," the statement said.

A mortal virus

With the help of the rabbis, about 1000 people were immunized in a week. Since the beginning of April, the health department has conducted over 2100 vaccines. However, the current number is 555 cases of measles in 20 states the highest in five years.

measles can cause serious health problems – such as deafness, pneumonia, damage to the back. In extreme cases, they can lead to death.

News from the panorama:

From RND / Moritz Naumann


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