Red, irritated eyes, small eyelid blisters, or lashes glued in the morning may be the first signs of herpes in the eye. As you recognize eye sores, what you can do about it and if you can protect yourself, read here.
Contagion: this is how the herpes virus transmits
The herpes pathogen, the herpes simplex virus (HSV), is distributed worldwide and is transmitted through respiration (droplet infection) or through direct contact with the body (swab infection). More than 90% of adults carry the herpes virus. Most of them become infected with the virus as a child: in the bedtime kiss, for example, herpes viruses are transmitted from the parents to the child. The Treacherous: Once in the body, the viruses remain forever. Pathogens migrate through the nerve pathways and attach to nerve nodules in the brain. With a weakened immune system, they can lead to the outbreak of disease again and again.
For many, the virus breaks down into stress, hormonal changes, or cold of – most often in the form of cold sores, Which many do not know: Herpes can also develop in the eye, ie when the virus is on a nerve that provides the eye. The active virus then travels through the nerve tract back to the primary infection site. The body's defense reaction is redness, itching and blisters.
one Execution of cold sores on the eye Although it is quite rare, but especially possible if the still-open cold is touched with the fingers and then trapped in the eye. Patients should therefore pay special attention to proper hygiene – especially with towels and cloths, as well as contact lenses and cosmetics – and to wash their hands regularly.
Symptoms: This will help you recognize ocular herpes
The first infection with herpes in the eye is usually hard to recognize. A typical sign is bubbles at the edge of the lid. If the parents observe something like this with their children, they must go to the ophthalmologist immediately. Only if the first infection is treated quickly and correctly, complete healing is possible and consequent damage is avoided.
But other signs may indicate herpes virus infection. Other symptoms of ocular herpes include:
- Redness of eyes
- Burning and itchy eyes
- Bleeding eyes
- Foreign body sensation in the eye
- eyes stuck in the morning
If these symptoms occur, seek medical attention immediately and seek medical attention.
Consequences: How dangerous is the cold eye?
The herpes ocular spreads not only on the eyelid. It often attacks the cornea, conjunctiva or choroid. In the eyelid, the virus is made through small blisters, similar to cold sores, noticeable. This form of eye wound, if treated with speed and intensity, is not dangerous. The herpes virus has infected the conjunctiva, the infection occurs as conjunctivitis but this occurs relatively rarely and usually heals quickly.
The most common is the inflammation of the cornea caused by the herpes simplex virus. However, it can be treated relatively easily. However, if the infection is ignored, severe corneal scarring may occur. This results in cloudiness of the lens and, therefore, severe impairment of vision. Choroid infection is also dangerous. This lies between the retina and the eyeball and provides nutrients to the retina. An infestation of the choroid with herpesvirus can lead to blindness.
Therapy: The best treatment for ocular herpes
Often, only one eye is affected by the infection. In some cases, however, both eyes are infected with the virus. So make sure there is enough hygiene and avoid touching the infected eye. If you do, wash your hands thoroughly to prevent the virus from spreading. You should also refrain from contact lenses and eye cosmetics during infection.
If the cornea is only superficially affected, the doctor usually prescribes eye drops or ointments with antiviral agents or disinfectants. It is important not to stop the treatment prematurely because the virus can be dangerous if it does not heal completely. With each new infection, the viruses penetrate the surface of the cornea into the next layer of the eye – called the supporting tissue – which can lead to severe sequelae. If deeper layers of the cornea are affected, the anti-herpes remedies are combined with eye drops containing cortisone.
Prevention: In this way, you can protect yourself from herpes of the eye
Although ointments and eye drops may alleviate symptoms, but the herpes simplex virus lasts for life in nerve cells. Anyone who already has ocular herpes, is therefore likely to get it again. Patients should therefore strengthen their immune system to prevent a new outbreak of herpes. Eat more fresh air, drink plenty of vitamin C, eat a healthy diet, and make sure your body gets enough sleep.
Also, make sure you have enough hygiene for your contact lenses and cosmetic products. Here too harmful viruses can collect.
Important note: The information does not replace professional counseling or treatment by trained and recognized practitioners. The contents of t-online.de can not and should not be used to make independent diagnoses or start treatments.