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World | Cancer, stroke, suicide …: what are the French dying?



A study by Public Health France, published on Tuesday, reveals the leading causes of French death and their evolution between 2000 and 2016. Decryption.

579,230 deaths

In 2016, 579,230 deaths were recorded in metropolitan France, with an almost identical proportion of men (49.9%) and women (50.1).

Usually, all-cause mortality rate decreases since the 2000s. A "reassuring" trend, says Grégoire Rey, director of CépiDC-Inserm, whose data were used for this study, which reflects advances in medicine and prevention.

At what age?

Less than a fifth of these 579,230 deaths are considered premature (ie occurred before age 65). But these premature deaths affect men (65,273) more than women (32,918).

At the women, the most numerous deaths occur from 85 years. The menthey die a little younger most of the time between 65 and 84 years old.

Increases: Mortality Due to Certain Cancer

Malignant tumors account for 29% of deaths. Photo Stéphane DE SAKUTIN / AFP
Malignant tumors account for 29% of deaths. Photo Stéphane DE SAKUTIN / AFP

Cancer remains the first cause of death in France for both sexes combined. In 2016, malignant tumors represent 29% of deaths, especially men (95,324 male deaths compared to 72,740 women).

– In women : mortality from lung cancer increased sharply between 2000 and 2016. This is explained by the increase in smoking among women.

– In men : Mortality by melanoma increases (although stable for women), but prevention methods are known and public awareness, especially of children, is likely to reverse the curve in the future.

– For both sexes in sixteen years, mortality from pancreatic cancer increased for men and women. Same trend since 2008 for the brain cancer. "This raises questions in the context of increased radio frequency wave technologies," the study authors note.

Go down: cardiovascular disease, AIDS, accidents, suicides

Traffic accidents are in sharp decline between 2000 and 2016. Illustration Julio PELAEZ
Traffic accidents are in sharp decline between 2000 and 2016. Illustration Julio PELAEZ

Cardiovascular diseases: In 2016, 140,424 people died of cardiovascular disease (24.2% of deaths). This remains the second cause of death of the French and even the first in women.

But we die less from this kind of disease: the mortality rate decreased by a quarter between 2000 and 2016.

This is due to the development of interventional cardiology techniques (to remove clots, stent …) in infarction, and the development of specialized neurovascular units to manage stroke, the authors note.

AIDS: HIV / AIDS-related mortality, after a first decline in the 1990s, continues to decline over the past 16 years. In 2016, there are 300 deaths from AIDS (compared to 4,800 in 1994).

This is due to the progress of prevention and especially treatments.

Suicides: Suicide deaths are also declining: there are almost 8500 deaths in 2016 compared to 11400 ten years ago. Since the 1980s, however, they still outnumber the deaths caused by traffic accidents.

accidents There are 26,681 deaths by accident.

Transport Accidents are in decline. They have gone from about 8,000 deaths in 2000 to 3,000 in 2016. The sharp reduction in traffic accident mortality over the past sixteen years can be attributed in particular to speed cameras.

75% of all motor vehicle deaths are related to motor vehicle deaths. accidental falls They are more female-oriented and occur at older ages (in 58% of cases after age 65).

Decreases speed: Dementia

The trend towards increased dementia, which has been very significant since the 2000s, seems to be decreasing or even reversing in men, possibly due to decreased cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, smoking, diabetes, etc.). .

Posted on 11/11/2019 at 18:32
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