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Pneumonia kills a child under 5 every 39 seconds

Pneumonia, child killer andforgotten epidemic"Respiratory disease, which marks a world day on Tuesday, November 12, killed one child every 39 seconds last year worldwide, more than any other infection, scared six organizations, including Unicef.

"Pneumonia killed more than 800,000 children under five last year, one every 39 secondsUnicef ​​and five other child health and advocacy organizations, including the NGO Save the Children and the Gavi Alliance for Immunization, said in a statement. "Most of these deaths affect children under the age of two, of which almost 153,000 are in their first month"Continue these organizations, which call"for global actionAgainst pneumonia.

This acute respiratory infection, which affects the lungs, can be caused by microscopic bacteria, viruses or fungi. In the case of pneumonia, the alveoli of the lungs are filled with pus and fluid, which makes breathing painful and limits oxygen absorption.

According to the WHO (World Health Organization), pneumonia accounts for 15% of the total number of deaths of children under 5 in the world. "It is a forgotten global epidemic that requires urgent international response. Millions of children die from lack of vaccines, antibiotics and oxygen treatmentsSays Kevin Watkins of Save the Children.

According to the organizations behind this call, more than half of child deaths from pneumonia are concentrated in five countries: Nigeria (162,000), India (127,000), Pakistan (58,000), Democratic Republic of Congo (40,000) and Ethiopia (32,000). ). By comparison, 437,000 children under the age of five died from diarrheal disease in 2018 worldwide and 272,000 from malaria, they said.

These organizations will organize a global forum on childhood pneumonia in late January 2020 in Barcelona, ​​Spain.

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