"White coat" hypertension doubles the risk of cardiovascular death, according to new research. This means that the blood pressure measured by a doctor (often in a white coat) is greater than that measured by a nurse or another third, due to the anxiety generated by the medical examination. Until now, it was considered that it was not a true hypertension, therefore, not a real disease. It is now a cardiovascular risk factor.
One in five adults may have "white coat" for high blood pressure
The researchers also found that patients with "white lab" hypertension who were already taking medications to treat high blood pressure did not have an increased risk of heart disease or cardiovascular death compared to those whose blood pressure was normal.
Studies suggest that about one in five adults may have high blood pressure White coat. Our findings underscore the importance of identifying people with this disease, "said lead author Jordana B. Cohen.
His team performed a meta-analysis of 27 studies, including more than 60,000 patients. She found that patients with untreated white coat hypertension had an increased risk of heart disease of 36% and an increased risk of death by 33%.
Change the way of life
"We advise people with hypertension White coat untreated lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption and improving diet and physical activity, "note the scientists, adding," We also advise caregivers not to over-treat people with hypertension White coat who are already taking medication for high blood pressure as this can lead to a dangerous drop in blood pressure and side effects. "
However, hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (coronary insufficiency, stroke, renal insufficiency, heart failure, arterial aneurysm, aortic dissection, arrhythmia, dementia …) and can be fatal when left untreated. .
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