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I put a loi for «interdire le voile» in France aurait dex chances



'Je souhaite that the voile soit interdit dans l'intégralité of l'espace public. » Marine Le Pen a reaffirmé, dimanche 20 octobre, cette proposition recurrente dans son discours lors du «Grand Jury RTL-LCI-Le figaro ». The view also includes the religious signs, such as the kippa, the president of the Rassemblement national: «In the countrymen who have no problem with the kippa, [mais] je leur demand of faire ce sacrifice. »

Interrogating the legal uncertainty that may arise from it, Marine Le Pen to the respondent in the example of «La loi sur l'interdiction du voile à l'école» of 2004, which was invalid. Selon him, the port of the voile in the public space is «Infraction à la laïcité» et son interdiction in the public space is justified by the name of the prince. L'affaire s'annonce pourtant très complexe juridiquement, voire vouée à l'échec.

Read notrequires: «Madame, you are going to leave the house with the vote» in sortie scolaire

POURQUOI C'EST FRAGILE JURIDIQUEMENT

1. The religious freedom, a fundamental element

The Marine Le Pen écouter ser seré simple de la crème pour résire de la porte des religieux. In fact, the subject is particularly epineux on the legal plan. Freedom of conscience and religion is guaranteed by both the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) in its Article 9 and by the French Constitution in its premier article. Or, if you have two simple text notes on the hierarchy of juridical norms.

The cell in the right direction is prohibited from arresting the mesures on the floor, plus the text fondamentaux posent des garde-fous. For example, on litigation in the ECHR that «Freedom from Manifesting Religion or Convictions» ne peut être restreinte qu'au nom de la «Sécurité publish», over there «Protection of l'ordre», «La santé or la morale publiques» or encore «The protection of droits and libertés d'autrui».

I have been restraining the freedom of religion and then in principle to be fond of all the impatient and proportionate manners. In each case, he exposes the risk of censorship by the Conseil constitution and, therefore, never enters into force (as the cell arrives in the different types of mesures). The European Court of Human Rights, as it were, led by the States in the non-respect of European norms, and the incitant increase in their copy.

2. The precédent des arrêtés «antiburkini»

Here is an example of antiburkini, which is multiplied in France by l'été 2016, illustrious of the equilibrium that is now in full competition. A trentaine of communes, notably Villeneuve-Loubet, in the Alpes-Maritimes, moving towards the port of tenues «Manifester of manière ostensible a religious appartment of laignity and plages». These texts are aimed at the misconception of a burkini, a tenor of goodness, which was coupled with the corps and cheveux, but the visage.

More the Council of State to suspend the arrest of Villeneuve-Loubet, on 26 th 2016. Selon cette decision, here is a case in point, with a view to the mesures for the ruler of the plage or the baignade dans sa commune. More «Les restrictions qu'il support aux libres doivent être justifications par risques avérés d'atteinte à l'ordre public».

In fact, the Conseil d'Etat is estimated to have the slightness of goodness, notably the famine burkini, but it does not give rise to trouble in the public domain. L'arrêté arrested by the mother of Villeneuve-Loubet «Sur des motifs d'hygiène or de décence». Il portait donc «A serious actor and illegally manifesting aid from the fundamental freedoms that the liberator and the liberator of conscience and the personal liberation release».

The same ones pourraient s'appliquer à la visi vis à interdire le port du voile or, moreover, of religious signs «Ostentatoires» dans l'espace public.

3. The year 2004 and 2010 aimed at particular situations

Of the previous montrent qu'il remains possible of légiférer, more than to check mot compte for eviter la censure. Commencing there loi 2004 sur «The port of signs or of the tenant manifesto appartenance religieuse» dans les établissements scolaires publics.

La rédaction de ce texte a été largement soupesée. Bien qu'on l'évoque régulièrement dans le débat public comme la «Loi sur le voile à l'école», ne ne vise pas directement le voile, plus plus largement «The port of signs or signs for lesquels les élèves manifest ostensiblement un appartenance religieuse». Et le Conseil d'Etat l'avait jugé conforms to the Constitution.

Take the example of 2010, where the port of the burqa or the niqab of the public space is banned. With regard to the vision of religious signs, plus the dissimulation of the vision, it presents a potential problem to the public. The constitution has been validated by the Court of First Instance with respect to the retention of the proceeds, which is the same as the fact that it is intended to dissimulate the child in a manner similar to «A situation d'exclusion et d'infériorité». For a couple, the right to be withdrawn in the case of a laqui (a misdemeanor of 150 euros) «Proportionnée» at the 'equilibrium between liberté et laïcité.

4. Uni pour pour interdire le voile, plus quel titre?

These are the two precepts which are particularly applicable to particular situations: the premiere bearing on the scolaires publics published in the name of the religious neutrality, the second view of the dissimulation of the plutotum visage. In the meantime, he has an interdisciplinary interdisant with the door of the voile in the public space and the general and the vision, in fact, the religious practice in him.

It is difficult to pronounce on a qui qui n'est pas rédigée, but l'affaire s'annonce complexe. In 2016, for example, the entourage of Nicolas Sarkozy avait envisagé d'interdire le voile en l'appuyant sur la jurisprudence quait amené interdire les 'lancers de nains', with no l'atteinte à la dignité humaine.

Cette piste avait finally été écartée par l'ancien president of the République. I will say that this justification has already been made fragile by the Council in 2010. Ce dernier, which explores all the interests of the interdiction of the public space, jugeait «Arguable juridiquement» d´invoquer the notion of dignité humaine «Particularly in the case of the door of the integral voile resulting from the volleyball of the person who has made it». A serait donc rebuke cet argument for voile «simple».

Toutes ces difficultés juridiques n'empêchent pas plusieurs responsables politiques d'afficher leur volonté d'interdire le voile dans tout l'espace publique, as Marine Le Pen le fait de moins 2010, sans détailler son proj. Contact the ce sujet, the president of the RN in the pas donné suite à in the demands of precisions.


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