Pleasant aromas can curb the cravings of cigarettes: the standard


Smokers may find cigarettes easier to resist when they smell like things like mint or chocolate, a small study suggests.
Most adult smokers say they want to stop and many try. But about half of smokers who try to quit smoking fall within two weeks, researchers note in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology.
"There are many approaches that people use to quit smoking, including nicotine products, nicotine gum, medication and behavioral approaches, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and meditation," said study researcher Michael Sayette. the University of Pittsburgh.
"But quitting smoking remains a very difficult challenge and new approaches, either alone or in conjunction with existing interventions, are extremely necessary," Sayette said by e-mail.
The current study tested a new option – using smokers' wishes for certain attractive smells – in 232 smokers who were not trying to quit or use any other tobacco replacement products, such as chewing gum or electronic cigarettes.
Researchers asked participants not to smoke for eight hours prior to the experiment and demanded that they bring a packet of cigarettes of their choice and a lighter with them to the lab.
Upon arrival, people first smelled and evaluated various different odors, generally considered pleasant as chocolate, apple, peppermint and vanilla, or unpleasant, like a chemical derived from mushrooms. Participants also smelled of tobacco leaf odor and an odorless "white" or neutral scent for comparison.
The researchers then asked the participants to light a cigarette and hold it in their hands, but not to smoke. After 10 seconds, participants verbally assessed their will to smoke on a scale of 1 to 100 before putting out the cigarette and placing it in an ashtray.
Then the participants opened a container that contained either the smell they considered more pleasurable, the smell of tobacco or no smell and smelled it once, then again assessed their willingness to smoke. They continued to sniff the container they received as much as they wanted for the next five minutes, assessing their desire to smoke every 60 seconds.
The average desire score shortly after cigarette illumination was 82.13. So, regardless of the smell they smelled, all participants experienced a decreased desire to smoke after smelling the container, but the average desire score for those who smell pleasant smells dropped significantly more. With a pleasant odor, indices of desire fell by an average of 19.3 points, with a tobacco smell they fell 11.7 points and with white, by 11.2 points.
"While five minutes may not seem like a long time, it may be enough to give smokers a critical window to rethink what they are doing and maybe leave a situation where the risk of relapse is high," said Sayette.
"While it is premature to definitely notice how olfactory signs affect patients, as our participants were not trying to quit smoking, we find the results intriguing and support the need to investigate why and for whom olfactory cues can be effective," says Sayette . added.
"To what extent I think this approach may be an effective option to help people smoke fewer cigarettes in the real world – it's certainly worthy of more studies," said researcher Judith Prochaska of Stanford University in California. involved in the study, said by e-mail.
"It is unknown whether the effects can be replicated outside the laboratory setting (in the real world) and whether the aromas can sustain their effects over time," added Prochaska.
Repeated exposure to the same pleasant smells may eventually diminish any effect on cigarette cravings, said Timothy Baker, a researcher at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine in Madison, who was not involved in the study.
"It may be worth trying for smokers who are trying (to get out) to try to smell a nice strong odor when they have a desire and see if it works for them," Baker said by email. "However, they should not use this strategy instead of using treatments that we know will work."

Sign up to advertise your products and services on our classifieds site and enjoy one month of free subscription and 3 free ads in the Standard newspaper.

Stop smoking cigar smoking


Source link