Dr. Maysa Al-Sulaiman, a specialist in family medicine, said: Vitamin D is produced by the body in response to skin exposed to sunlight and also exists naturally in foods such as fish, egg yolks, fish liver, fish oils, fortified grains and milk.
Vitamin D is essential for bone formation as it helps the body to use dietary calcium. Vitamin D deficiency is also linked to rickets, which is a disease (mineralization of bone tissue does not occur properly, leading to bone deformation ).
Common risk factors when vitamin D deficiency:
- Dark skin.
- Weight gain and obesity.
- Living away from the equator, where there is always a small amount of sunshine throughout the year.
- Do not eat fish or milk.
- Wear sun visors.
- Stay home for a long time.
Vitamin D deficiency causes immunodeficiency and leads to:
- Pain in the bones and lower back.
- Healing of weak wounds.
- Hair loss.
- Fatigue and exhaustion.
- Bone fractures especially in the elderly due to low bone mineral density.
- Muscle pain.
There is a link between chronic pain and low levels of vitamin D in the blood, which is the result of the interaction between nerve cells and pain-sensitive vitamins.
Method of measuring vitamin D:
Vitamin D is measured by a blood test containing 25 hydroxy vitamin D. The level of 20 ng per milliliter at 50 ng / ml is suitable for normal people. A level below 12 ng / ml indicates vitamin D deficiency.
Treatment of vitamin D deficiency:
- Follow a diet.
- Take dietary supplements.
The doctor describes the daily requirement of 600 IU of vitamin D for ages 1 to 70 years. And was raised to 800 IU of vitamin D for those over 70 years to improve bone health
The highest safety limit is raised to 4,000 IU of vitamin D. Doctors may prescribe more to correct vitamin D deficiency. If a person does not spend much time in the sun or use sunbathing preservatives, she may need sorting and supplementation of vitamin D deficiency of vitamin D. Vitamin D has.
note: Before following this treatment or this method, consult your doctor.