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Kocáb: In 1989, there was a huge civil movement and help from courageous people

Update: 18.11.2018 14:33

Prague – The revolution of 1989 caused an enormous civil movement that was supported by several brave of the second camp. Prime TV told one of the top players of the Civic Forum Michael Kocab today. As one of the heroes of the other party, General Mojmir Zacharias, then commander of the Western Military Circuit, had promised in November 1989 that he would not interfere with the soldiers against the demonstrators. Both agreed in the discussion that the lack of troops was crucial to the development of that time.

According to the Kocáb, the leadership of the Civic Forum during the early days of the November Revolution was very concerned about the military intervention of Czechoslovakia or Soviet troops. Because of reports of the activity of some soldiers in Tábor, he decided to send his deputy to the headquarters of the Western Military District, which was under the command of Czechoslovak soldiers.

Zacarias confirmed that the leadership of the Army had mounted the action of Zásá, in which the soldiers intervened against the demonstrators. According to the Kocab, about 150 tanks and 8800 soldiers must be sent. Zacharias noted that it was a considerable force that would undoubtedly have succeeded against unarmed demonstrators.

Kocab noted that the Civic Forum had no information on the size of the forces deployed, but was very concerned about such developments. Therefore, he went to Tabor behind Zachariáš himself and the then Prime Minister and President Vaclav Klaus. Zechariah promised them after a two-hour meeting that he would stay in the barracks while he was the commander. In return, he demanded the maintenance of peace against the army. He commented today that there have been two demonstrations in which people were threatened by soldiers, for example with a gallows. There was also a guard attacking the military helicopters. Zacarias attacked him as a very dangerous situation because the soldier could defend himself by firing.

Zacarias on the events of that time wrote a book or gave interviews to journalists. The planned meeting, he said, informed former Defense Minister Milan Vaclavik. Asked how to proceed, Vaclavik replied that he would see what he would do and what he would do. After the meeting, he announced his promise that the army would not intervene.

Kocáb said that the expression of Zechariah at that time was of the utmost importance. "This had a great impact on our courage," he said. The next day the same promise was received from the Chief of Staff Miroslav Vacka and the Soviet embassy.

Zacharias refused to be a hero. He kept his own words at the thought that he was right. Kocáb appreciated his courage. He pointed out that he made his decision against his colleagues.

Zacharias said he had to face retaliation in the coming months. For example, he was seen, his 10-year-old son was attacked by a school excursion, someone threw Molotov's cocktail on the porch. "It was terrible," he said. In the first half of 1990 he asked for a transfer from Tábor.

Kocab refused to speculate that revolutionary development was governed by the power structures of the time. Zacarias agreed that the then leadership of Czechoslovakia did not know how to proceed and was confused by the development. Kocab said it was a massive civilian movement backed by "several braves" from the second camp. Besides Zacharias, for example, it was the debut of Ladislav Adamce, added Kocáb.






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