According to the British Royal Astronomical Society, it is the first time this type of exoplanet has been discovered in a particular location – the Neptune desert.
The stars are emitting strong radiation into the area, which is why planets usually lose their gaseous atmosphere, usually evaporating and leaving behind only one rock core.
Thousand degrees on the surface
The forbidden planet is three times larger than Earth and its radius is only 20% smaller than the Neptune radius. Temperatures reach 1,000 degrees Celsius, Reuters reported. The exoplanet orbits Space.com with the star NGTS-4, which is about 920 light-years away. A full run takes 1.3 tenth of a day.
Astronomers believe that the exoplanet may have moved to the Neptune desert area at some point in the last million years.
Exoplanets are usually planets in stars other than the Sun. We know thousands of them today. For example, with our nearest star (outside the Sun), Proxima Centauri, the planet Proxima b was found in the so-called habitable zone.
In astronomy, a habitable zone is a term for an area around a star in which life could hypothetically be found. It is, therefore, a territory in which the planet receives a quantity of solar energy that does not superheat its surface nor does it leave it very cold.