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For over 46 years he was not a man on the moon. Meet the 12 astronauts who passed through it – VTM.cz



The date of July 20, 1969 entered history as a day when man first landed on the moon. So far, it is the only cosmic body off the Earth where a human foot has entered. Although preparations are underway for the Mars expedition, the sad fact is that the last person walked on a surface different from the surface of the Earth, almost 47 years ago.

A total of seven teams were sent to the Moon and only twelve cosmonauts walked along its surface. However, other plans to visit our space mate ended the cuts in NASA budgets that emerged in the 1970s. Let's imagine a dozen of those who have a chance to look at our planet from the moon.

Apollo 11

The unequivocal primacy belongs to the crew consisting of the commander Neil A. Armstrongpilot module Michael Collins and the lunar module pilot Edwin "Buzz" E. Aldrin. Apollo 11 brought the Saturn V rocket from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida on July 16, 1969.

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Apollo 11 Crew (left: Armstrong, Collins and Aldrin)

The spacecraft had three parts: a command module with a cabin for three astronauts and a section returning to Earth; a service module that supported the main module for energy, energy, oxygen and water; and a lunar module designed to land on the moon and return the astronauts to orbit.

After three days of flight, Apollo 11 entered the orbit of the Moon. Armstrong and Aldrin then moved to the Eagle module, with which they landed successfully in the Sea of ​​Peace. Preparing for the climb lasted more than originally planned – three and a half hours instead of two. While on Earth, all needs were clearly organized, there were a number of other things in the module cabin – such as food packages and tools.

The output was broadcast on television so that viewers could watch live on the first two people on the moon. Six and a half hours after landing, Neil A. Armstrong took the first step and said a memorable phrase: "It's a small step for a man, a huge leap for mankind."

Then Armstrong took samples on the surface he hid in his suit pocket. The astronauts devoted themselves to photography and tried to move on the lunar surface, where the sixth of gravity is compared to Earth.

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Neil Armstrong

The astronauts took more rock samples with blades and tweezers with an extended handle. However, many activities took longer than expected, so the collection of materials was completed in half the time. Even so, we managed to get about twenty kilos of rocks that were later identified as basalt and breccia. In addition, three new minerals have been discovered: armalcolit, tranquilillityite and pyroxferroit.

Total Armstrong and Aldrin passed on the Moon 2 hours, 31 minutes and 40 seconds. Then they returned to the lunar return module, started and went into orbit, where they successfully merged with the command module, where Collins was waiting all the time. On July 24, astronauts landed in the Pacific Ocean, where they were evacuated by helicopter to an aircraft carrier.


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