Lack of physical activity in the United States is increasing among adults and is responsible for about 10 percent of premature mortality, according to the "Guide to Physical Activity for Americans," published on Wednesday in the Jama.
The analysis detailed that one in four adults in the country is sedentary for more than eight hours a day and four out of ten do not engage in intense physical activity or do moderate or vigorous exercise during the week.
The guide recommends that adults perform at least 150-300 minutes per week of moderate-intensity physical activity, or 75-150 minutes per week of intense and vigorous aerobic exercise.
According to the analysis, the cost associated with "inadequate" physical activity is 117 billion dollars a year in that country.
Among the 5,900 adults interviewed for the analysis, one in ten reported sitting for more than eight hours a day and not doing any type of exercise.
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"Approximately 80% of adults and adolescents in the United States are not sufficiently active," the report notes.
He emphasized that physical activity "stimulates normal growth and development and can make people feel, function and sleep better."
In addition, it improves bone quality and weight adequacy for children between 3 and 5 years of age and the development of cognitive ability for those between 6 and 13 years of age.
It also contributes to the reduction of cancer cell metastasis, the reduction of falls that cause the incapacitation of the elderly, and the reduction of the risk of mortality in people with various chronic diseases.
The authors of the report, Katrina Piercy and Richard Troiano, experts from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), pointed out that these guidelines work from their publication today.
Thus, children 3 to 5 years of age should have physical activity throughout the day to improve their growth and development, while those over 6-17 years of age "should perform 60 minutes or more of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily."
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It is also recommended to perform muscle stretching "two or more days per week".
Pregnant women and those in the postpartum period recommend moderate-intensity aerobic exercise for at least 150 minutes per week.
For the elderly, the guide asks for a physical activity that includes "balance training as well as aerobic and muscle stretching activities."