One in five deaths in the world –about 11 million deaths – was associated in 2017 with a poor diet, which caused cardiovascular disease, cancer and type 2 diabetes, reported on Wednesday The Lancet.
The medical journal releases results of study "global burden of disease", which analyzed consumption trends according to fifteen important food factors between 1990 and 2017 in 195 countries.
The authors of the analysis, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, warn that There is some margin of error because not all data was available in the same way in all countries.
The study concludes that the dietary factors with the highest incidence of deaths were excessive sodium intake along with insufficient intake of fruits, vegetables, nuts, and milkIngestion of sugary drinks, sugar, fats and red meats had less influence on the change.
The researchers point out that, therefore,deaths are associated more with not eating enough healthy food than eating many of those who are bad for health. "
Of the 195 countries analyzed, the highest proportion of diet-related deaths was recorded in Uzbekistan (195), followed by Afghanistan (194), Marshall Islands (192) and Papua New Guinea (192).
The lowest proportion of these types of deaths were recorded in Israel, the first ranked with only 89 deaths per 100,000 people; France ranked second, Spain third; Japan the fourth and Andorra the fifth.
The United Kingdom ranked 23rd, the United States 43, India 118 and China 140. while Colombia is on the 31stfollowed by Chile (35), Ecuador (40), Cuba (45), Brazil (50), Uruguay (51) or Mexico (57).
The authors say their findings "stress the urgent need to coordinate global efforts to improve diets through collaboration between different sections of the food system and new policies to promote balanced diets. "
"They also confirm what we know for years that a poor diet is responsible for more deaths than any other risk factor," said Christopher Murray, director of the University of Washington's Institute for Health Assessment and Assessment.
According to the data collected, Of the 11 million deaths attributable to inadequate diet in 2017, about 10 million were due to cardiovascular diseases; 913,000 for cancer and 339,000 for type 2 diabetes.
In 1990, the number of deaths associated with diet was about 8 million, an increase to 11 million, which is attributed to the increase in population and the longer life expectancy, the study adds.
The authors point out thatBy 2017, the intake of the fifteen food factors examined, which also included omega-3 or calcium foods, was poor. in almost all twenty-one regions in which the planet was divided.
In areas such as the Caribbean, Latin America and parts of Africa there is a good consumption of pulses, while sodium was the main risk factor in China, Japan and Thailand. In Bangladesh, little fruit is consumed and in the United States, Germany, Brazil, Nigeria, Russia or Iran a deficiency was detected in the consumption of cereals and whole grains.
The authors argue that the authorities put more emphasis on promoting balanced diets and access to healthy products around the world than in the restriction of less healthy foods.