Colorectal cancer, a disease that can be mistaken for colitis



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At first Karla Uzeta thought she had colitis, because from adolescence she always had problems with the digestive system and even ended up self-medicating. In 2015, he traveled to Chile and, before taking the plane to Mexico, realized that he had escaped blood.

The bleeding in the stools began to recur and then began to constipate.

A year passed before he made the decision to go to the specialist, partly because of the lack of time, but he confesses that too because of the fear of the diagnosis because deep down he knew it was wrong, says Efe, on the occasion of the World Day of Colorectal Cancer, which is celebrated on March 31.

On March 1, 2016, he went to the doctor, who told him that he had lost a lot of weight and that it was a warning to the doctor.

After a colonoscopy, On March 2, she was diagnosed with colorectal cancer.

He had two polyps, only one of them was malignant, but he had grown so much that he blocked his way up the rectum so he could not go to the bathroom.

"When I woke up from the colonoscopy the doctor told me" I have to tell you exactly why we can not waste time, you have cancer ", I cried because if you think cancer is synonymous with death"narrates

The doctor reassured her and reported that if the cancer had been detected in a timely manner everything would be fine.

When he consulted other specialists, he was told it was almost impossible to save the sphincter, "which would mean that I would lose full control of the rectum and have to carry a purse for the rest of my life, which I now know to be called a colostomy. "

The first operation he performed was to have a catheter where I would receive serum, chemotherapies and other medications that I needed. It was the first of 15 surgeries.

"They gave me 28 sessions of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, the tumor remained the same and the area where I was going to be irradiated, probably my ovaries were lost and I became a infertile woman, which happened because the following month I did not menstruate, it was snapshot, "says Karla.

After the chemotherapies and radiotherapies, the tumor was removed and all was well until the intestines became paralyzed as a result of the radiation.

"I could not eat anything solid, I continued to vomit, I had not eaten anything for over a month, I had no water, everything was fed by probes," remember if

He had a gut fissure because of poor surgery that put his life at risk.

Just the day of their birthday they made the operation more complicated: sealing the intestine with a graft.

"I had a kind of sponge in the gut to dry and the graft worked. My doctor did not let anyone else see me, so when they had to do a procedure, they adjusted my room like an operating room," he explains.

In mid-September she was discharged, she weighed 41 pounds, she still did not eat and only ate a protein powder.

The wound of her operation closed on her own. In November, he returned to work and had his normal life, although he continued with the colostomy.

Now she is still in remission, periodically she goes to the exams to see if everything is okay, but she says that it's still two years before she can be considered a cancer survivor.

In Mexico and the world this cancer is increasing its incidence, explains the oncologist surgeon of the department of digestive tumors of the National Cancer Institute (InCan), Itzel Vela Sarmiento.

In fact, colorectal cancer "ranks third in frequency in our country, only behind breast cancer and prostate cancer and is the fourth place in mortality, "says the expert.

He explains that it occurs almost equally in men and women and, despite affecting people between 55 and 65 years, "we noticed that there are more and more young patients with this disease," he warns.

The doctor explains that the warning signs are bleeding in the stool, unexplained weight loss, constipation, very thin strips of evacuation, and recurrent inflammation.

When there are no symptoms, ideally, after the age of 50, a colonoscopy or a blood test hidden in the stool is performed, called fecal immunochemistry.

"It is very simple and effective, where it is analyzed if there is blood in the stool, if it is positive it is indicative of a colonoscopy, if it is negative, a colonoscopy should be done every 10 years," says the doctor.

The specialist explains that most of the risk factors are environmental, which means that they can change and are obesity, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, alcoholism, excessive consumption of red meat.

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