San José, Nov. 21 (El Pais) .- Children over 15 months and under 10 years will have to protect themselves against measles, as the CCSS will carry out an extraordinary vaccination to increase the immunization barrier against this disease. viral
This vaccination will begin on December 12 and will end on February 8 in all vaccines we distribute in the national territory: 104 health areas and 1047 basic health assistance teams (Ebais). It is an institutional investment of about US $ 1.2 million.
According to Roberto Cervantes, the medical manager of the institution, the provision was adopted by the National Vaccine Commission, because the measles virus is circulating in other countries of the world, including Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, Argentina, Canada, Ecuador. , The United States, Mexico and Guatemala, where there are about 7,000 cases and about 72 deaths (10 in Brazil and 62 in Venezuela).
According to the medical authority of the institution, this public health intervention seeks to immunize the susceptible population that is not protected against this virus for several reasons, since each year there is an accumulation of vulnerable people that could be easy target in case this virus in the national territory because they have not been able to develop antibodies or those that, for some reason, have not been protected against this infectious disease.
In addition, we must add to this group the number of fathers and mothers who do not vaccinate their children for the "anti-vaccine form" without knowing the serious harm they are causing to their children and the Costa Rican population.
It is estimated that about 10% of children who are vaccinated every year are not protected by the disease and therefore, from time to time, an extraordinary vaccination should be performed to protect this population. The last extraordinary measles vaccination was conducted in Costa Rica in 2011 and had coverage of 93%, even these extraordinary campaigns are recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).
This new measles vaccination campaign aims to reduce the amount of susceptible population and raise awareness about the importance of this health care as it is the only way to reduce the risk of serious complications caused by this virus, such as blindness, encephalitis, diarrhea severe infections, ear infections and pneumonia. The rate of susceptibility in Costa Rica is very high and is considered risky.
For this occasion, we acquired 770 thousand doses that will be administered independently, from the common vaccination that occurs every year up to the child population.
This vaccine should be given to all children, even those who already have the complete regimen, because what is needed is to strengthen immunization barriers.
Vaccines are in the country and the distribution process has already begun in the 104 areas located throughout the national geography. At present, we are working on the entire logistical process to achieve the desired coverage in this type of health interventions.
Measles is a very contagious and serious disease caused by viruses that spread easily through the air through drops from the nose, mouth or pharynx (like coughing and sneezing) of infected people.
The symptoms of this disease usually begin between 8 and 12 days after exposure to the virus. Children under 5 and adults over 20 years of age are more likely to have complications.
Common complications caused by measles include ear infections and diarrhea. Other complications may also occur, such as pneumonia (infection of the lungs), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), and blindness. These complications can even cause death.
In the case of pregnant women, measles can cause premature pregnancies and the birth of a baby with low birth weight.
Measles is a very contagious disease, for which there is no specific treatment; Therefore, it is important to protect children against this disease through vaccination.
In Costa Rica, the measles vaccine is included in the scheme offered by the Costa Rican Social Security Fund as part of protection against measles, rubella and mumps (mumps).
This vaccine is given to children at one year and three months of birth, and at 7 years old when they start school.
Despite the fact that, since 2005, there have been no reported cases of measles in our country at this time, there are many countries in the region where there are confirmed cases of measles.
Therefore, the Costa Rican Social Security Fund will carry out an extraordinary vaccination campaign to apply an additional dose of the SRP vaccine to all children aged 15 months to 9 years with a maximum of 9 years, 11 months and 30 days.