The two ministries jointly define the "post-subsidy era" New energy vehicle new stimulus policy is about to follow – Economic Observer Online – Professional Finance News Site



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(Source: Overview)

Economic Observer Online Reporter Zhou Ju The subsidy for new energy vehicles in 2019 is not resolved and has become a hot topic in the industry in the near future. "The relevant departments are working hard to study and formulate the subsidy policy for 2019. The general principle is that after ensuring that all subsidies are withdrawn by 2021, the industry will not experience large fluctuations, and the pressure of gradual liberation will prevent the slope falls. Great, bringing great after great. "On January 12, 2019, in the forum of 100 members of China Electric Vehicles, Miao Wei, Minister of Industry and Information said.

In 2018, China's new energy vehicles were against the trend, with production and sales of 1.27 million and 1.256 million, respectively, up 59.9% and 61.7% over the previous year.of new vehicles China's energy market accounted for 4.4% of China's new car sales in 2018. Above. But by 2019, new energy vehicles will face the pressure of subsidies to retreat. Previously, it was reported that the amount of the subsidy in 2019 will be reduced by 50% from 2018, but received no formal response from the relevant departments.

"Financial subsidies have played a crucial role in the development of new energy vehicles, especially in the early stages of development, but financial subsidies are gradual. Vice Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Wan Gang, chairman of the Chinese Association of Science and Technology, also mentioned the issue of withdrawal of subsidies for new energy vehicles in the electric vehicle of 100 people.

"In the context of the gradual withdrawal of financial subsidies, how to maintain the hard-won achievements of the new automotive energy industry and maintain the healthy and sustainable development of the industry is a challenge now and in the future." Miao Wei said a new round of support measures Already under discussion.

"In the future, relevant departments will increase their support for the use of links by optimizing fiscal and fiscal policies," Miao said. Next, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will work together with relevant departments to jointly formulate the requirements for the proportion of new energy vehicles in 2021-2023, improve the two-point system and prepare for the total output of the financial subsidies.

Wangang will also maintain policy continuity as one of the key issues in the development of new energy vehicles. He also stressed that "policy is not just a fiscal policy but there must be other comprehensive policies." To that end, he proposed a new stimulus policy including eight measures aimed at the consumption of new energy vehicles in the "post-subsidy era" . Inject new power.

It is worth noting that Wan Gang has clearly proposed to gradually eliminate the detailed requirements for the driving range and energy density. "Through security, energy conservation and environmental protection, we give the technology decision-making power to companies and let the market choose the most appropriate products."

At the same time, he proposed converting the "two-point system" into a carbon trading mechanism in time to increase the endogenous power of automotive companies to develop new energy vehicles. It is understood that since the new power points are currently in a state of oversupply, and the group of automotive companies can adjust internally, the unit price of the new power points is much lower than expected and the support for new energy companies and the role of industry guidance are limited. Currently, the most prosperous international is the carbon trading mechanism, and the carbon trading mechanism and the domestic trade market have gradually improved in recent years.

Second, Wan Gang also stressed the need to increase tax incentives and support in the use of links, including giving new users of energy vehicles more road rights and purchase rights.

In addition, increasing support for innovation in shared business models, the launch of new installment payments for power vehicles and the granting of preferential loans have also become policy guidelines for the expansion of the new energy market.

As one of eight measures, Wan Gang also proposed to promote the Hainan tests and take the lead in car automation in areas where conditions allow.

In the direction of general industrial policy, Wan Gang pointed out that "in light of the ten-year development of the new automotive energy industry, we must begin to study and formulate the development strategy and plan the development of new energy vehicles by 2035 as fast possible, giving industry and society a long-term vision. " Eliminate development expectations and determine the direction of innovation and the strategic objectives of the new energy vehicles in the new era and propose a timetable and roadmap for full understanding of automotive electrification, intelligence and sharing, and clarify the path of development and support under the new situation. Said.

Another obvious new trend is that, faced with the gradual receding of subsidies, the above two ministries expressed the view that the development of hybrid plug-in vehicles should be promoted over time, which is somewhat different from the previous emphasis on vehicle development pure electrics. The industry believes that increasing sales of plug-in hybrid models is also a way to reduce the cost of businesses to deal with subsidies. "After all, the cost of pure electricity is greater and the acceptance of hybrids is greater."

Miao Wei pointed out that plug-in hybrid vehicles can better balance the mileage anxiety and the cost of pure electric vehicles, improve the efficiency of traditional internal combustion engines and the energy efficiency of the vehicle and also reduce battery usage, weight of the vehicle and the costs of the vehicle. In the cost of electric vehicles, the proportion of power batteries is very high, so this is a development trend and worth to be studied. "Especially some newly developed electric drive platforms, using Atkinson engines to generate electricity, with a battery much smaller than pure electric vehicles to drive the engine, driving the entire vehicle, which is different from the market that was launched in the year past. The traditional hybrid plug-in extended range vehicles have tendencies together. "

Gang Wan also expressed a similar point of view. "Since the second half of last year, plug-in hybrids have developed rapidly.Therefore, we should also promote the development of plug-in hybrids in a timely manner and at the same time switch to the development of incremental hybrids.Because we consider plug hybrids The global plug-in is developing towards the incremental program, which drives capacity conversion while reducing emissions and effectively supports the transformation and modernization of industry, "said Wan Gang.

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