Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 11: People-oriented, building a dream come together – seeing China's power from the 40 years of reform and opening up
Xinhua News Agency reporter He Yuxin, Liu Yangqi, Anna
For 40 years, this is a clear logic –
After a long journey, the heart and heart are always close, crossing the difficult and the other, the sincerity of the heart always ran, a great change was achieved and the initial heart never changed.
"We should not forget the initial intention of reform and opening up, consciously summarize the successful experience of 40 years of reform and opening up, and improve the quality and level of reform and openness. We must adhere to the people as the center and consider the happiness of the people as the standard to test the effectiveness of reforms, so that reform and opening up will be better. "In October 2018, Secretary-General Xi Jinping said during his inspection in Guangdong.
Everything is for the people and everything depends on the people.
Everything is set and everything is magnificent.
This is the corner of Shekou Free Trade Area, Qianhai, Shenzhen (photo taken April 19, 2016). Xinhua News Agency reporter Liang Xu photo
The position of the people is the "winning password" for reform and opening up
Arriving at the knot of the 40-year memorial, the witnesses spoke to themselves in a different way.
With the luggage, sitting on the bus, Zheng Yanping and hundreds of other young people came to Shenzhen Shekou from Shaoguan and Shantou to become the first generation of Chinese migrant workers.
Life has opened a new page. These young people broadened their horizons and honed their skills. At dawn, some people grew up with the company, some went to the sea to do business, and some went back to China to start their own business step by step towards an ideal life.
In the fertile soil of the renovation, there is a young atmosphere.
Today, in the Qianhai Shekou Free Trade Zone, the new era of reform and openness is here, and the Shenzhen-Hong Kong Youth Entrepreneurship Eco-sphere has been inhabited by 304 entrepreneurial teams. Young people port their dreams in an international business environment.
For 40 years, the sea is sung. In the land of China in the time machine, not only do skyscrapers rise from the ground, the climate is changing, and "Made in China" products are popular … One change after another has become a major change in this country.
All for the people, decided the beginning of the new great revolution of reform and opening up, and also tested the fundamental results it achieved.
A group of data directly records the leap of life of the Chinese people: from 1978 to 2017 per capita income of urban cities increased from 343 to over 36,000 yuan, and per capita income of rural residents increased from 134 yuan to 13,400 yuan; Social pension insurance has grown from scratch, covering 1.35 billion people and more than 900 million people …
The scenes are a visual proof that the Chinese people have a new look: from the entrance of handcuffs to buy goods, to the mobile phone "buying" the world, from the green train on the long road to the comfort of the high-speed train. unthinkable going abroad and going abroad has become the norm in many people's lives …
Nanjing citizens paid for their products on the unmanned shelves released by Suning (taken January 10, 2018). Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Yuze photo
Observing a historical process requires not only observing the process itself but also observing its context.
Over the past 40 years, the world has changed unpredictably: in the last 40 years the challenges and challenges have intertwined: China's reform and opening-up seem to have dominated the "password" and continue to move from victory to victory.
Like many cities in China, after experiencing rapid development of reforms and opening up for decades, it is already an international metropolis in Beijing and is undergoing a transformation examination.
The idea of the city is to reduce development.
Reduce the land of urban and rural construction, reduce construction of invasion of ecological space, reduce administrative approval …
Behind the "subtraction method", the meaning of "addition".
Significantly increase ecological land, increase affordable housing, increase service-oriented enterprises …
The reduction is for the people and the increase is for the people. Between increase and decrease, it is not to develop, but to drive the development of high quality and let people increase their sense of acquisition.
Focusing on people, this is the key to China's continuing reform and opening up.
The aim of the Chinese Communists to "seek happiness for the people" is consistent, and through self-revolution and self-transcendence, to maintain the advanced nature of "representing the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people," so that reform and openness of China have always been in the direction of people's hearts.
People need a more beautiful environment, people demand more justice and justice, and people are more eager to realize … Since the 18th National Party Congress, in the deep transformation of a concept of development, more and more people shared the latest achievements in reform and opening up. The great practice of reform and openness has also reached new heights.
On September 28, 2018, the large high-speed rail West (An) of the Pingxi River to the southern part of Taiyuan was opened for operation. This is the first passenger train in the southern section of the Taixi high-speed railway from Pingxi to Taiyuan. Xinhua News Agency reporter Cao Yang photo
People give the infinite power of reform and openness
The strong man broke his wrist and the people of Yucun, Anji County, Zhejiang Province, made a decision.
At the end of the last century, the "stone economy" prevailed, and the Yucun people began to start mining on a large scale. The collective income reached 3 million yuan, which once became the richest man in the country.
However, villagers tasted the sweetness brought by mining and had to swallow the bitter fruit of environmental pollution: the village was full of smoke all year round, bamboo shoots were covered in dust for longer, open cannons made people even more Always afraid.
With the increase of environmental pollution, the people of Yucun have finally decided.
Between 2003 and 2005, Yucun shut down all mines and cement plants, and collective income has already been reduced to more than 200,000 yuan, but has become the starting point for green development.
In present-day Yucun, Maozhulin swings in the mountains, and rafts of three green leaves and bamboo planted under bamboos increase the villagers' income. The beautiful natural environment makes rural tourism increasingly prosperous. In 2016, Yucun's collective income returned to more than 3 million yuan.
40 years of rain or sunshine, all advancement and deepening of understanding and practice in reform and opening up, the emergence and development of each new thing in reform and opening up, the creation and accumulation of experience in all fields and links of reform and opening up, all come from hundreds of millions of people Practice
The most abundant source of power for the 40 years of reform and opening up is to fully mobilize the initiative and creativity of the Chinese people so as to rush to the vast land of China like a river.
In November 2018, with the announcement of Shanghai's institutional reform plan, based on full public opinion, institutional reform plans of 31 provinces across the country were unveiled, and some institutions that reflected local characteristics were also listed.
As one of the main battlefields to alleviate poverty in the country, Sichuan changed the name of the former Provincial Department of Poverty Alleviation and Immigration to the Provincial Department of Relief and Poverty Development, Hainan established the Provincial Hall of Broadcasting and Sports and Culture for the construction of an international tourist consumption center …
For the people, it also comes from the people. From center to site, a new round of institutional reforms responded to the concerns of the people.
Several Chinese tourists visited the Super Ice Palace in the Jungfrau region of Interlaken in the Swiss canton of central Switzerland (photo taken on December 7, 2017). Xinhua News Agency reporter Xu Jinquan photo
After 40 years of reform, government agencies underwent major adjustments to adapt to social changes and achieve a functional transformation to better serve people.
Each epoch has the appeal of public opinion in all ages, and each epoch has the subsistence problems of the people of each epoch.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, more emphasis has been placed on the "sickness" of the deep and sorrowful sorrows of the people, more attention has been paid to the change of small things related to the personalities of the people … home registration and medical care, development of pre-school education and external management Identity wallets do not have to go back and forth … The closer the reforms are to the people, the stronger the sense of people's gain.
Meet the new expectations of the people and carry out the reforms to the end
40 years have passed, what is the rich meaning of the word "reform and opening"?
Many Chinese people talk about it, and they will have a sense of retirement, pride and confidence, happiness and gain. By containing many changes in destiny, it also takes advantage of the great struggle of the future.
"At that time, at the beginning of the reform and opening up, the tide of waves was increasing, but it was full of difficulties and obstacles, I just crushed the rice bowl of the state company and joined the business army. store of family-style silk clothes opened up for the family.To a certain extent, this aroused our longing and spirit of striving for a better life in the future … "
In April 2018, the citizen of Nanjing Yan Mingxiang received an unexpected letter, written by Zhang Jindong, president of the Suning Group.
Twenty-eight years ago, Zhang Jindong, who had just started a business, almost spent a lot of money, rented a front house on Ninghai Road in Nanjing, and started doing the seller's electricity business. At that time, Yan Mingxiang tried to make the individual and made a cheongsam with his father.
The silk used in cheongsam is afraid of the wind, and the house does not dare to open the window Yan Mingxiang wants to buy air conditioners.
At that time, air conditioning was still a luxury, and most companies could afford it. The arrival of Yan Mingxiang made Zhang Jindong feel that with the rapid development of China's economy, more and more people will buy air conditioners.
The company's property personnel cleared the river in Yucun, Tianhuangping City, Anji County (photo taken on August 4, 2017). Since 2010, Anji County, Zhejiang Province, has begun to explore the introduction of real estate companies in the field and the professional management of village cleaning, river cleaning, ecological maintenance and maintenance of cultural and sports facilities. Xinhua News Agency reporter Weng Wei photo
Parallel to the pace of reforms, such as commodification and urbanization, air conditioning began to enter ordinary people's homes, and Suning gradually expanded its business and distributed the whole country. Today, Suning is embarking on an online and offline auto-revolution to continually upgrade its services to consumers.
At the age of 40, under the policy of encouraging, supporting and guiding the development of private enterprises, private enterprises represented by Suning, from small to large, from weak to strong, serve the good life of people in entrepreneurship, technological innovation and service improvement. The necessity side plays an indispensable role.
Advance the logic of historical progress and develop in the trend of the development of the times. China's reform and openness are in line with the demands of the Chinese people to develop, innovate and live a better life.
If reform and openness are a great revolution that constantly attends to people's developmental needs, with changes in the main contradictions of society, the revolutionary object has shifted from the old "backward social production" to the current "unbalanced and inadequate development." It also calls for the reform and opening up of China to continue.
Together with thousands of poverty relief cadres, Wu Junjun, a cadre of Fengjie County in Chongqing, brought the financial concept to a small mountain village.
Yang Jianlin, a poor home of Dongxiang Village, uses the principle of circular economy to produce shochu from corn, shochu is used to feed pigs and pig manure is used to produce biogas. Biogas is similar to natural gas and is a source of clean energy used by many farmers.
Let Yang Jianlin get this idea, derived from two words – cost.
Customers visit and shop at the Haitang Bay Free Store in Sanya, Hainan (photo taken February 18, 2018). Hainan is currently focusing on tax-free shopping, health tourism, cruise tourism, etc., and builds an international tourist consumption center with high standards and high standards. Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Cheng photo
Financial poverty alleviation allows residents to know that credit can also be used for loans. Loans require interest costs, while cost savings can expand or repay loans. By disseminating the concept of funding, we will promote the transformation of villagers into modern, market-oriented farmers.
In the 40 years of reform and opening up, more than 700 million people have been removed from absolute poverty. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, with the implementation of the basic strategy of poverty alleviation and poverty alleviation, reforms in the fields of land, collective economy and finance have been intensively introduced, and poverty areas have given a new look . However, in the face of the deep problem of poverty, a number of conceptual changes and reforms are still needed.
To resolve unbalanced development problems and meet people's growing needs for a better life, it is decided that reforms will only be completed when they are not completed.
The road I traveled on is the most valuable wealth and experience on the forthcoming journey –
This is the only way the Chinese people choose from the depths of history, and it is also the only way for the Chinese people to lead to a comprehensive future and a great rejuvenation.
Do the renovation in the end!