Many places in China in the high season of influenza, this can be controlled and controlled | flu virus | | hospital | Sina News



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China has entered the high season of the flu, making these defenses

According to the CCTV news customer news, the annual winter and spring are the high season of influenza, and this year is no exception. Many places in China have now entered the period of high incidence of influenza. According to the latest (4) report from the National Influenza Center, most provinces in mainland China entered the winter and spring flu season, and activity level continued to rise. Outpatient with respiratory infections began to increase in many cities, and the flu gradually came to a head.

Dalian: 3 to 4 times more common in cold patients.

At the fifth Dalian People's Hospital in Liaoning Province, the number of patients with colds increased three to four times than normal. Mr. Jia is 82 years old this year, his body was very hard, started having a cold before, started a high fever, went to the hospital and was infected with pneumonia and was hospitalized.

Dalian citizen Mr. Jia: The initial feeling is the same, the body is a little tight, until 8 o'clock at night, I feel warm, not good to have fever, a grade 39, and quickly asked the child to go to the hospital.

Unlike the common cold, influenza is highly contagious. In addition to the symptoms of the common cold, symptoms are accompanied by a high fever of 39-40 degrees Celsius, accompanied by headache, generalized muscle pain, fatigue and even complications such as pneumonia in serious cases. Otitis media, myocarditis, meningitis or encephalitis.

Guangzhou: Hospitals overcrowded with influenza A

Children, the elderly become the flu susceptible population. Guangzhou Yuexiu District Children's Hospital is overcrowded, and some patients are still brothers and sisters to see a doctor. Since December, the number of influenza-like cases hospitalized in hospitals has continued to rise, at least 10% more than in November, mainly with influenza A.

Parents of the child: He has been around for three days, has sore throats and was injured for four or five days.

Fujian: Children's Hospital was "squeezed and criticized to update the highest single-day record

The number of cold and fever patients who received pediatrics at various hospitals in Xiamen, Fujian province, also increased significantly. The number of emergency medical treatments at Xiamen Children's Hospital reached 2,232, setting a new record for the number of emergency medical records in the hospital.

Parents of the child: There are several sheets in your class (child).

Reporter: What are the reasons?

Parents of children: It is most serious when they have a cold and cough.

Shao Changzhou, Chief Medical Officer of the Department of Respiratory Medicine of Xiamen Hospital, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University: The main morbidity is still children and elderly, as well as other basic diseases, cardiopulmonary diseases (patients), or pregnant women are more common.

Beijing: Flu activity hits peak of epidemic

Recent monitoring data from Beijing also showed that in the period from December 24 to December 30 of last year, the percentage of influenza-like cases in the city's second-level hospitals was 2.78%, higher than in the previous week, but low. At the same time last year.

Pang Xinghuo, deputy director of Beijing Municipal Disease Control and Prevention Center: After entering mid-December, influenza activity rose rapidly and has now entered the peak period of the epidemic period. According to our annual monitoring data, the peak of influenza in Beijing is between December and January. In the next period, the flu activity will continue to be high level and should continue until the middle and end of January this year.

Making this flu is preventable and controllable

However, current CDC data show that this year's flu is not higher than the same period last year, and influenza is also a common illness in the winter without much panic. Let's take a look at how to prevent influenza by science.

The most effective way to prevent influenza is to vaccinate before the flu season. Doctors recommend that, 1-2 months before the peak of the flu epidemic, it is the best time to take the flu shot, usually in October and November of each year.

The second is to pay attention to daily care. Drink lots of water, wash your hands often, keep the air circulation indoors and try to get less crowded and airy places, and so on. Also pay attention to hygiene and prevent cross-contagion. For example, when you sneeze or cough, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or paper towel. After you find flu-like symptoms, stop going to school or go to work and seek medical advice in time to avoid infecting others.

Shao Changzhou, Chief Medical Officer of the Department of Respiratory Medicine of Xiamen Hospital, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University: Especially when you are sick, pay attention to your own protection.Use a mask to prevent dissemination to other people.

Gu Li, director of the Department of Infection and Microbiology at Chaoyang Hospital, Beijing: I hope everyone is not too afraid of the flu because most patients have a flu that is not very basic (sick) and is very mild. There is self-limitation (self-healing), after three or five days of clinical fever, cough discomfort (symptoms), basically a week may be good.

Beijing CDC: There is no EB flu in medicine

The science of influenza prevention, one more thing, is not to believe in rumors. Recently, some netizens have sent a message about the so-called "EB" flu, saying that the current flu is serious. If you want to avoid, drink plenty of water and keep the mucous membrane of the throat moist. Otherwise, the virus can invade the body in 10 minutes. The disease control department said that this is false.

The Beijing Municipal Disease Control and Prevention Center rumored that there is no EB influenza in medicine. EB is only a common virus, infecting mainly epithelial cells and lymphocytes in the human oropharynx and is characterized by swollen lymph nodes and persistent fever, not being highly pathogenic, infectious and difficult to treat. There is currently no report on the increase in cases of EB virus infection in Beijing. Everyone does not have to be an enemy. The so-called "ten minutes in the body" virus is not established, influenza virus infection requires a certain process, not ten minutes in the body.

Flu is a contagious respiratory disease caused by the flu virus. According to the National Influenza Center report, the major subtype of the influenza virus detected this year is H1N1, followed by influenza A (H3N2). A very small amount of both influenza B viruses can also be detected.

Liu Jiani

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