On December 24, 2018, entrusted by the State Council, Audit Director Hu Zejun made a rectification of the problems identified by the State Council on the implementation of the implementation of the central budget of 2017 and other fiscal audits and fiscal expenditures for the seventh meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress. Report In order to better understand the relevant situation of this report, the reporter interviewed the comrades in charge of the Office of Policy Research of the Audit Committee.
Reporter: This year is a key year for the reform of the audit management system. The audit work has achieved remarkable results in many aspects.What are the characteristics of the rectification work for the 2017 audit?
A: As you said, 2018 is a crucial year for audit institutions to promote the reform of the audit management system and optimize audit responsibilities. The 19th CPC National Congress decided to reform the audit management system.The Third Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee decided to form a central audit committee to strengthen the party leadership in the audit work and to build a centralized, unified and comprehensive. The Audit Committee conscientiously implemented the main decision-making arrangements of the Party Central Committee, accurately captured the focus of the audit work, the entry point of the reform of the audit management system and the key points of the very construction of the audit organization and implemented the centralized and unified leadership of the party's audit work. Specifically, I have the following characteristics in the audit rectification work to find out the problem:
First, the Central Committee of the Party and the Council of State attach great importance to it. On May 23, 2018, Secretary-General Xi Jinping chaired the first meeting of the Central Audit Committee and delivered a keynote address, noting that all localities and departments, especially leading cadres at all levels, should actively support and cooperate with the audit work and voluntarily accept supervision in accordance with the law. Seriously address the problems identified by the audit, rigorously study and adopt recommendations made by the audit, and improve policy measures and institutional rules in various fields. In July, Premier Li Keqiang chaired the executive meeting of the State Council, which specializes in the implementation of rectification work, requiring clear accounts, clear timetables, focusing on important issues, ensuring accountability, and increasing supervision and inspection.
Second, the relevant parties sincerely fulfilled their responsibility for rectification. Audit units consciously implemented major rectification responsibility, and most concentrated on research and implementation of rectification works, established accounting books according to the requirements and studied the measures one by one and blamed themselves on some places to rectify and renew audits. Relevant authorities have carefully guiding and overseeing the industry's solid breakthrough and rectification, and some have undertaken rectification actions across the industry and have established interdepartmental coordination mechanisms to form a rectification force. The Audit Committee has published a list of rectification notices and detailed questions, and in accordance with the principle of "who audits who is responsible for follow-up inspections", auditing bodies at all levels are organized to track authenticity and effectiveness of the rectification measures one by one.
Thirdly, rectification has achieved remarkable results. Relevant units insisted on reforming and revising and reforming, and some problems were corrected in the course of the audit, some handed over the state treasury, restocked taxes, recovered loans, returned funds and coordinated after the audit pointed out problems. Revitalization, transfer, etc. actively promote rectification. According to statistics, as of the end of October 2018, most of the problems were corrected, and relevant departments, units and localities rectified the value of the problem of 295.558 billion yuan. At the same time, in-depth analysis of the causes of problems, careful study and adoption of audit recommendations, consolidation and rectification of the institutional mechanism Results: A total of 2,944 relevant rules and regulations were formulated and improved, responsibility was also strengthened through interviews, recovery of violations and transfer to the Judiciary, and a total of 3,299 person-times were handled. As the grinding work continues, the effect will be more revealed.
Reporter: Since its introduction, I have a general impression, and the rectification effect is very good. Can you further evaluate the effectiveness of the 2017 renewal?
A: ok The rectification report was mainly reflected in the "Report of the State Council on the Execution of the Central Budget for 2017 and Other Audits of Financial Revenue and Expenses" entrusted by the Council of State to the Third Session of the 13th Standing Committee of the National People's Congress in June of this year. The rectification situation. The rectification measures and the effects of the relevant departments, units and locations are summarized as follows:
The first is to promote comprehensive and in-depth reforms. In terms of fiscal and tax reform, the Ministry of Finance and other departments vigorously promoted taxation, tariff reform and transfer repayment reform, optimized the structure of fiscal expenditures, and formulated a comprehensive budget performance management framework, issued tax incentive policy evaluation standards, extended preferential policy coverage and promoted the release of retirement dividends. In reforming the "distribution service," cleaning and integrating administrative examination and approval issues, disrupting or reducing non-essential government interventions in the market, studying and integrating government information systems, and continuously optimizing the business environment. In terms of reform of state-owned enterprises, reform of the state capital authorization system management and mixed property reform were deepened, the implementation plan of the reform of the company was formulated, central enterprises were integrated and reorganized, the structure industry was optimized and the industry's key businesses were strengthened. In terms of social development reform, we will deepen the reform of public hospitals, promote the national aggregation of wealth insurance, and improve the poverty alleviation work model and poverty alleviation mechanism.
The second is to implement important strategic and policy measures. In order to promote the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, the relevant localities will accelerate the allocation of land funds, increase the rate of power certification, increase support to new agricultural business entities, establish an emergency response mechanism for wages and pay wages to migrant workers. In terms of industrial restructuring, locations and relevant units should return or coordinate the use of award-winning funds for regulatory violations, formulate employee resettlement programs, improve capital utilization performance, formulate plans, and organize batch cleanup to eliminate production capacity. Relevant departments conscientiously implemented the requirements for the development of innovation and entrepreneurship and eliminated the phenomenon of "only documents, only professional titles, only academic qualifications and awards", and studied and broke the political obstacles that affect the development of innovation and entrepreneurship . Efforts will be made to tackle three major battles, strictly implement public debt management requirements, progressively reduce implicit debt increases, promote quantitative solutions in an orderly manner, prevent and control financial risks, promote accurate poverty alleviation policies, consolidate various basic tasks and improve the performance of poverty. Establish a coordination mechanism for ecological environmental protection, accelerate the preparation of land and space planning and control the development zone and the construction of small hydroelectric dams.
The third is to perform all the rectification actions of the sector. While relevant relevant departments are guiding and overseeing the improvement of the industry, they can undertake special rectification actions for financial problems, poverty reduction, resources and environment, etc., which may form regional and industrial risks, or incorporate audit of grinding priorities. Strengthen the rectification effect. For example, the Ministry of Housing and Urban and Rural Development, the People's Bank of China, the Banking Regulatory Commission, the Ministry of Public Security and other departments made special rectifications for the provision of real estate financing in violation of regulations and supervision of relevant financial institutions to recover loans or formulate collection plans. The national fund-raising case has been dropped for three years and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has identified electric fishing as the main content of China Fishery Liangjian's special inspection series 2018. The Ministry of Water Resources and the National Commission for Fisheries Development and Reform jointly held the small rural hydroelectric power station on the Yangtze River. Comprehensive research on exceptional environmental issues, specialization of working styles in the field of poverty reduction throughout the country.
The fourth is to strengthen the construction of a long-term mechanism. The specific problems identified in the rectification audit are often inseparable from the establishment of a solid long-term mechanism. For some irreversible problems that have already occurred, the effect of rectification through a long-term sound mechanism may be better. In order to reflect the rectification situation more comprehensively and objectively, and to facilitate public understanding, this year's rectification report will establish a strong and long-term mechanism as the main line running through it. In particular, in the section "Implementation of Audit Recommendations", most of the content is related to the establishment of a strong long-term mechanism. In the special audit sections, the construction of the long-term mechanism was also fully reflected. For the central issue of budget management, the Ministry of Finance studies and formulates amendments, incorporating donations from international financial organizations to the management of the general public budget, clarifying the distribution factors, weights and conditions of implementation and exit of relevant special transfers and expanding the implementation of state capital management budgets. The scope and other departments, while relevant departments are investigating and organizing audit trail of violation of laws and regulations, and improving reform measures in the field of concentration of runways. At the same time, the causes of some problems are complicated. It is difficult for a department to completely correct the situation, strengthen communication between relevant departments, establish an interdepartmental rectification and coordination mechanism, and jointly implement responsibility for rectification.
Reporter: We note that rectification of some problems continues to advance What is the main situation?
A: Yes, the rectification of some problems still continues and the reasons are more complicated. We conducted a thorough analysis of these issues and summarized them in three situations in the rectification report: First, it involves important reform issues. For example, if the proportion of transfer payments with specified uses is still high, the complete solution depends on the sound and perfection of the modern financial system, the reform of some "distribution services" is not in force, involving the transfer of functions of local departments. The rectification of these problems needs to be constantly advanced through profound reforms. The second is related to a more complex external environment. For issues such as insufficient or insufficient payment of basic old-age insurance funds and environmental mine recovery deposits, due to national policy adjustments, relevant sites will be treated according to the unified arrangements of the State Council, and some can not be recovered for the time being, some development zones have long-term development. For these problems, it is not appropriate for "one size fits all" when rectifying, and it is necessary to make a careful choice and treatment as the situation develops. The third is related to multi-sector or multi-agent coordination. For some central departments renting properties, the housing security project can not handle the completion of inspection and registration, the loss of state assets, etc., the relevant parties need to clarify the relationship of property rights, complete the settlement procedures of funds, building approval, etc., perform arbitration or judicial proceedings, etc. These jobs take a while and some of them are still relatively long.
With respect to rectification of these problems, relevant departments, units and locations have made arrangements and commitments, intensified reform and innovation, conducted in-depth investigations and investigations, formed opinions and approval plans as quickly as possible, classify policies, accelerate work processes relevant departments. The judiciary, etc. communicated and coordinated, and strongly encouraged rectification. The audit agency will also continue to strengthen follow-up inspections by urging auditees to implement the main rectification responsibility and to encourage relevant competent authorities to sincerely carry out supervisory and management responsibilities and ensure the rectification effect.
Reporter: In the future, how will the audit agency promote rectification of the problems identified by the audit?
A: We will study and fully implement the spirit of the 19th and 19th Plenary Sessions of the Party and will take the new era of Chinese-style Xi Jinping socialism as a guide to further unify the thoughts and actions of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on the economic situation. Analyze and judge decision-making and implement it, and fully perform audit supervision duties in accordance with the law. First, adhere to legal audits to ensure the quality of the audit. The high quality of the audit work, the problems pointed out and the suggestions made are convincing and are an important basis for doing a good job in rectification. The audit bodies will adhere to the general tone of progress and work, conscientiously implement the new concept of development, focus on deepening supply-side structural reforms, establish three major battles, promote full coverage of audits, promote the construction of a system economic development and promote the vitality of market players. Strictly define audit authority, strictly regulate audit behavior, strictly enforce legal procedures, further enhance the professional competence of audit cadres and further enhance the authority and credibility of audit supervision. The second is to persist in purpose and realistic, and implement the important requirements of "three separate zones". We will consciously implement the Party Central Committee's call to inspire new cadres in the new era by taking on new issues, insisting on a comprehensive and dialectical view of the problem, deepening the causes of problems, conducting assessments and conclusions in an objective and prudent manner, and innovation, supporting the role and promoting the creation. A good environment conducive to the entrepreneurship of the board. The third is to promote the institutionalization of rectification work. Strengthen follow-up inspections, urge and implement the responsibility to rectify the main responsibility, supervision and management, and promote the formation of a good collective rectification situation. Strengthen the integration of audit results, promote accountability, promote management, improve systems and deepen reform.
(Editor: Guo Huaiyi)