People with bipolar disorder or those who have suffered from depression are more likely to suffer from seasonal depression or decembrina, says neuropsychiatrist Edilberto Peña.
"Those with bipolar depression are more likely to accentuate their symptoms at this time, just like those who have suffered from depression earlier," said the director general of the Central Nervous System Research Center (Swan).
The master of medical science said that while there are no global statistics for people suffering from seasonal depression, it is known that at least 9.1% of the Mexican population suffers from depression, "then the population would be susceptible to suffering." .
While about 1.6% of Mexicans suffer from bipolar disorder, so that number may also see their depression marked at this time.
"Depression is a disease of the central nervous system, where the characteristic signs are persistent sadness for more than two weeks and loss of ability to enjoy the things that give it," said Peña.
He pointed out that although for many people the end of the year is one of the best times, for some it is a stage in which it is difficult to get rid of the sadness.
"This may be due to a number of reasons, ranging from failure to meet goals and purposes, loss of loved ones, poor eating and drinking habits, until the days get colder, shorter, and darker," he said.
Depression at the end of the year, he explained, has two components, one recognized worldwide that is seasonal depression and is presented by the difference in exposure to hours of sunlight. "This changes the patterns of secretion of neurotransmitters, which favors us getting sadder," he explained.
The other component, he added, is the emotional "that carries a content of reflection on how it was in the year, loved ones who are no longer with us, our frustrations or who have the feeling that the days should be very happy. we feel out of context. "
Peña said that people often realize that he feels bad, but he does not know what he has and his family, friends and others with little knowledge usually recommend him to "feel like".
"However, it should be recognized that depression is a disease like gastritis or diabetes. You should do a medical history, see if there are other related diseases such as hypothyroidism, cancer, heart attacks, etc.," he said.
"Depression is a disease; it's not just a normal or expected state of mind at the moment, and it definitely should not be a reason for weakness or guilt," he said.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), by 2020, depression will be the second leading cause of disability in the world and the first in developing countries, such as Mexico.
Peña also said that it is necessary to remove the stigma about the treatment and to know that there is a diversity of mental health specialists.
"Not only is he the psychiatrist, there are psychologists, counselors, religious ministers, nurses, social workers, everyone is sensitized to depression and trained to provide first aid for depression," he said.
Regarding the treatment, the specialist explained that it depends on the severity of the depression.
"When it is mild or moderate, only psychotherapies and behavioral changes can be used, such as maintaining well-maintained sleep times, a balanced diet, physical activation and a routine of activities," he said.
Although it is a serious depression, it is mandatory to combine psychotherapy with antidepressants "usually between 80% and 90% of cases are high between 9 and 12 months."
Finally, he recalled that the most important thing is to approach a professional to have a correct diagnosis, "because with a good diagnosis and treatment patients have a perfect quality of life."
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