What is mouth-hand-foot disease?


Mexico City .- Children under five are more prone to the disease known as mouth-toe-foot, produced by enterovirus and other hundreds of varieties that include Coxsackie A and B viruses, ECHO virus, parechovirus. Although this condition may affect people of any age, El Debate has published.

It is named because it causes lesions in the form of small blisters on the skin, especially on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet and inside the mouth, although they may also occur on other parts of the body, such as the torso, on the back. Achilles tendon and gluteus.

According to the Ministry of Health of Mexico, the peak of contagion of the mouth-hand-foot disease, occurs at two years of age and is transmitted in places where the coexistence is very close, as in day care centers.

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The skin lesions can last between 3 and 6 days, in addition to causing high fever in some cases above 40 °.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) emphasizes that the condition of the foot is very contagious, especially in the first week after the symptoms of the disease.

The virus can usually be found in the secretions of the nose and throat like droplets of saliva or nasal mucus, in the fluid itself from the blisters and in the stool.

The CDC points out that the disease can spread through close contact, where droplets of saliva can be exchanged, such as kissing or sneezing, and coughing, mothers or caregivers of infants can become infected with stool at the time of diaper change and contact with objects or surfaces that have the virus.

To date there is no specific treatment for the treatment of the disease, only palliative care focuses on relieving symptoms.

Mouth-hand-foot symptoms

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Feeling sick (malaise)
  • Painful, red, blister-like lesions on the tongue, gums and the inside of the cheeks
  • Red skin rashes and itching, but sometimes with blisters, on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet and sometimes on the buttocks Irritability in infants and young children
  • Loss of appetite

The mouth-hand-foot disease can sometimes cause viral meningitis, encephalitis or myocarditis.

Recommendations to avoid infection:

  • Basic measures such as washing hands.
  • Use individual cutlery
  • Avoid kissing hi.
  • Exhale with the elbow of the forearm.


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