Uruguay detects its first case of visceral leishmaniasis in humans



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Uruguay detected its first case of visceral leishmaniasis, in a child department of Salto (north) that "does not show elements of gravity" is that receive appropriate treatment "under strict medical supervision", The Ministry of Public Health (MSP) confirmed on Wednesday.

According to the portfolio, the disease, the most frequent symptom of which is presence of fever "for more than 15 days with no other cause to justify", is present "for years in the countries of the region" and in Uruguay already detected in dogs since 2015, in the departments of Salto and Artigas (north)

"Once present in dogs, the occurrence of the disease in humans is expected", the MSP said in a statement.

In addition, the Ministry acknowledged that, although it is a pathology "potentially serious", is treatable with drugs available in the austral country and with favorable evolution "whenever it is attended in a timely manner".

In this respect, it was observed that the guidelines established in theGuide for diagnosis, treatment and control of visceral leishmaniasis in Uruguay", published in 2016, and recommended the population Get medical attention if irritation persists.

Finally, he explained that an epidemiology team "is returning to the area (Salto) to complete the investigation and coordinate actions with authorities and technicians of the department," among which is the search and control of the mosquito transmitting leishmaniasis. .

We will also seek to deepen the actions already taken to control the disease in dogs with the support of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) It's from Faculty of Medicine, University of the Republic, the most important in the country.

Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoan parasite of the genus Leishmania, transmitted by the bite of infected sandfliesand manifests itself in three main ways: the visceral (the most severe), the cutaneous (the most common) and the mucocutaneous.

According to World Health Organization (WHO), the disease affects the population and is associated with malnutrition., poor housing conditions, fragility of the immune system and lack of resources, as well as environmental changes such as deforestation or urbanization.

Only a small number of people infected with Leishmania end up suffering from the disease, according to WHO, who estimates that Each year there are between 700,000 and 1 million new cases and between 20,000 and 30,000 deaths.

The WHO also clarifies that the epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Americas is very complex and that there are several species of Leishmania in the same geographical area. And he adds that Brazil concentrates 90% of cases of visceral leishmaniasis in this region.

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