Twenty-one people died in Nicaragua because of pneumonia so far this year, including four in the past week, according to data released Monday by the Ministry of Health (Minsa).
Last week, Nicaragua also reported 1,786 new cases, totaling 7,168 cases so far this year, down 22% from the same period last year, said Nicaraguan Vice President Rosario Murillo, who announced the Minsa report.
In the first 28 days of January 2018, Minsa reported 40 deaths from pneumonia in Nicaragua, 19 more than in the same period this year.
Pneumonia is a type of acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs.
The lungs are formed by small sacs, called alveoli, which in healthy people fill with air when breathing. The alveoli of patients with pneumonia are filled with pus and fluid, which makes breathing painful and limits the absorption of oxygen, explains the World Health Organization (WHO) on its website.
To prevent the spread of this disease, experts recommend frequent hand washing, proper disposal of papers or wipes, covering the mouth and nose by coughing or sneezing using disposable paper or inside the elbow.
Also, do not smoke, avoid sudden changes in temperature and, in the case of groups considered to be at greater risk of severe symptoms due to influenza or pneumonia, they should receive the annual flu vaccination and pneumococcal vaccine.
Also, try to stay away from sick people.
During 2017, a total of 287 people died of pneumonia and 140,735 suffered from the disease, according to health officials.
As of December 17, the Minsa reported 404 people dead from pneumonia in Nicaragua.
Last week, health officials also reported 44 new cases of dengue, eight confirmed cases of leptospirosis and 374 cases of malaria.