With astonishment and concern, we have seen Chile lead in Latin America the rates of obesity and overweight in adults, children and the elderly.
A recent report has put our country as a leader in obesity with regard to the female population. For the latter, there may be several genotypic explanations, such as that the woman's body has a greater amount of fat and therefore is metabolically less active than that of man.
The case of children, the subject of obesity, is worrying because they are our future and we are failing in the way we are preparing them in the development of their lifestyles.
Regarding children's weight, Chile is the OECD's number 1 country in childhood obesity. As a country, it is estimated that 90% of the population is sedentary, which means that few of our children are playing in the street or in parks, which are almost not doing physical activity and that the physical exercise they do in schools is being insufficient.
To this is added the choice of food for children: most are "ultra processed". While many are being seal free, they do not have vitamins and minerals.
Did you know that 70% of the source of vitamin D generation is exposure to the sun? Being outdoors is free and our children and older adults have deficiencies between 70 and 90% of this vitamin. This shows that we are stuck with obesity.
We urgently need to create more space for outdoor development, enjoy the sun (skin care) and improve our food selection to get out of this confinement.
Gonzalo Costa L.
School of Nutrition and Dietetics
University Finis Terrae