HIV infections have increased 10% in the last two years


"Find out what I had HIV It was not a big surprise, but it still struck me … Before, they said you had AIDS and it was a death sentence. I was infected because of the one who had been my stable partner for two years. He knew, but he never told me, despite the confidence we were supposed to have. The speaker is Rodrigo, 32-year-old lawyer, lawyer, who tells how his life has changed since he discovered contagion.

"One day, asking for some documents, I came across a medical certificate and my life collapsed. Desperate, I went to the doctor's office hoping I was not infected … Two weeks passed and a midwife came to my house, and she she told me … at that moment I was black, I did not know what else to do, rather than cry … they made me countertersample and gave me the result. My mother was the first to find out, she thought I was going to die, but here I am 12 years later, "he says, calmly, as someone telling an old story.

Rodrigo explains that the process was very painful, because he did not have the same maturity as now. "I was 20 years old, my life was just beginning … but good in everything, not everything was so bad, my defenses were high and I was not at risk. At Hospital Higueras they even told me that it was not necessary to start my treatment yet ".

Unfortunately, I trusted myself and stayed like this until April of this year, when I was released AIDS. I had a terrible time, but thanks to the treatment and my faith in God, I was able to reverse the situation and I was well again. "Of course, this time it is clear that he will not get a second chance, and that again neglect his medication This time you can kill him.

His case is one of thousands in the Bío Bío region and, according to the latest data from the Ministry of Health, they are increasing alarmingly.

In fact, according to information issued on the basis of the ENO Obligatory Notification Diseases of Seremi de Salud, 2017 ended with 379 new cases of HIV AIDS, higher by 5.5% compared to 2016, equivalent to 359 cases.

Although an epidemiological situation is observed on the rise, 2,258 of the 2,432 people living with the diagnosis of HIV since 2010 until today, they are currently receiving antiretroviral treatment.

In terms of progress to better cope with the explosive progress of the disease since September this year, more than 20,000 rapid tests are being implemented. HIV in all Bío Bío Primary Care Centers: Conception 5,920; Bío Bío 9,840; and Arauco 4,600.

The Bío Bío health clinic, Tanya Vidal, explains that actions are being carried out that are part of the National Plan announced by the Ministry of Health, which seeks to reduce the transmission of HIV through combined strategies of testing and prevention in the context of social determinants of health: promotion of safe sex prevention measures and in adolescents and young people; strengthening the network of attention HIV of the public system, improvement of the management of tests, medicines and monitoring of supplies, among other objectives.

One of the Family Health Centers was a pioneer in receiving and applying the first batch of rapid HIV was Cesfam Víctor Manuel Fernández, with 4,200 analyzes, whose white march began at the end of September this year.

The most important about these tests, which are ready in an average of 15 minutes, is that they are distributed to all patients who need it regardless of their prediction and which part of the Region they come from.

How it works

This consists of extracting a capillary sample from the ring or middle finger, which is processed and results in a short period of time. If it is positive, a venous sample is withdrawn immediately (or the next business day according to the application schedule), which is sent to the Public Health Institute (ISP) for further processing and eventual confirmation of the result.

"So far we have 111 people who were tested, of whom there was only one case," said the director of the Health Service Concepcion, Dr. Carlos Grant.

The analysis is applicable to persons over 14 years of age who can request it without the prior consent of the parents, however, if the venous sample analyzed at the ISP confirms the positive result, the health facility is required to notify the representative of the minor. .

"Before the teenager who was at risk had to go with one of his parents to take the test, not today, can go alone to Cesfam, but in case he leaves positive should be informed parents" said the director of Cesfam VMF, Dr. Ralph Miller.

According to statistics from the Health Services Network of Concepción, SCC during the first half of 2018, 1,155 patients are in control. HIV, concentrating the majority of the cases between 20 and 29 years of age, something of concern, since together with these 96 new cases were added, among the population of 20 and 24 years, concentrated mainly among the male population.

In this situation, the director of the CSC stated that "in order to avoid the significant epidemiological increase, it is necessary to point out that all the campaigns and information methods that allow us to avoid the contamination of HIV, which increased by 10% over the previous year, which is a complex situation, not only for the region but for the country. "

Greater education

In that sense, early education is important, especially in adolescents and young people, said the Seremi government, Francesca Parodi.

"It is a concern of our government to prevent and detect this disease early in the younger segments, since it risks infecting more people. In this sense, the use of condoms is essential to prevent the increase HIV in the population, "he said.

The authority added that it should raise awareness of the importance of prevention. "It is necessary to generate greater awareness with a campaign on the use of condoms in the different centers of health of Bío Bío," said the Gore spokesman.

As of February 1, 2019, the health authority will have a major challenge: to supervise the correct storage of prophylactic products sold, imported and manufactured in Chile and sold in places authorized to prevent the increase of the disease.

Regarding government accountability and sex education in educational institutions, Parodi commented that "you can always improve in education, because it is never enough, you should generate more awareness through effective campaigns like those that are already running. long-term work that includes intersectoral work, based on objectives determined by all sectors involved. "

In this sense, the Education Seremi, Fernando Peña, argued that "while the table of prevention HIV Aids is led by Minsal and integrated by 20 other institutions, our work has been participating in the campaign throughout the year Prevention HIV Aids, through the incorporation of educational material related to the problematic such as leaflets and triptychs. This material is emanated by the Ministry of Education and we, as Region, we care that they reach the respective provinces and establishments present in them. "


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