Friday, November 23, 2018 – 15:58
Despite this, the prevalence of current tobacco use among young people (13 to 15 years old) was reduced from 18.3 in 2002 to 7.8% in 2017
Noncommunicable diseases jeopardize progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (ODS), including the reduction of premature mortality by NCDs by 33% by 2030
In the National Census of Preventive Health, about 600 thousand people were registered, with impressive results: 36% of people suffer from hypertension, 14% from diabetes mellitus; 38% of dyslipidemias and 40% of obesity and overweight.
These diseases generate a high disbursement for the Panamanian State and for the families, increasing the extra expenses and the economic losses associated to the decrease of the productivity.
In order to promote the prevention of tobacco consumption in our population and increase awareness through continuing education for our professionals, the II International Multidisciplinary Congress on Smoking and Noncommunicable Diseases is being held, technical and three hundred (300) administrative, to improve the knowledge and skills of health personnel for the integral management of smoking, its prevention and control.
During this scientific convention, parallel actions will be held to stimulate interest in abandoning tobacco users.
And to make the population aware of the damages that cigarette use causes in humans through activities such as: Photography Contest, Painting Contest, Clinical Case Contest, Research Works Contest, Troubadour Contest, Regional Stand Contest all worked under the motto of Congress "Tobacco Breaks Hearts, Choose Health".
The Ministry of Health has made an effort to reduce the burden of noncommunicable diseases, where control of risk factors such as salt, sugar and junk food consumption is a national priority.
Consistent with this struggle, the regulation of sugary drinks and junk food was implemented in school kiosks.
In addition, we also have to implement the initial labeling of food and tax regulations to progressively progress in our National Plan against Social Transmission Diseases. About 4.1 million deaths annually are attributed to an excessive intake of food. salt / sodium
More than half of the 3.3 million annual deaths attributable to alcohol consumption are due to NCDs, including cancer. About 1.6 million deaths a year can be attributed to insufficient physical activity.
While currently in Panama, prevalence of current tobacco use among young people (13 to 15 years) was reduced from 18.3 in 2002 to 7.8% in 2017. By 2017, smoking prevalence was estimated at 3.9 %, with no statistically significant differences between boys and girls.
And exposure to secondhand smoke also showed significant declines both at home and in public places.