The hantavirus outbreak in the south of the country, where 11 deaths were reported, warned health authorities and emphasized measures to prevent this disease, transmitted to humans through contact with saliva, feces and urine of infected wild rats.
The wake-up call was caused this week by the emergence of cases in the north of the country, as well as in the provinces of Entre Ríos and Buenos Aires.
"The cases being registered in Buenos Aires are the usual and expected for this time of year," they said. Infobae of the health portfolio, and stressed that between November and March is when the peak of the disease usually occurs. "Last year, there were 25 cases in the province, with four deaths," they reported.
Of the four confirmed cases, three are out of danger and one patient is in delicate condition.
Of those who have been notified to date, a 23-year-old man in Lomas de Zamora, a 41-year-old man from San Pedro and a 20-year-old girl from Navarro, has evolved favorably. The fourth case corresponds to a man of 34 years of Zarate, whose clinical situation is more delicate and is in follow-up. "The patient has a respiratory compromise and is being treated in a sanatorium of his social service, he is not hospitalized in a public hospital," the health portfolio pointed out.
The health minister of the province of Buenos Aires, Andres Scarsi, said that "70% of the cases in the province occur between November and the end of March, that is, ending the spring and during the summer, we are within the usual number of cases the time of year ".
"The big difference with what happened in Epuyén is the strain that circulates there, which is called the Andes of the South and the strong suspicion is that it allows the interhuman transmission, that is, that the transmission occurs between people," he explained. The Official. Contrary to what we recorded in the province of Buenos Aires, where it is necessary the presence of the rodent, which is the small long-tailed rat that transmits the disease to the human through secretions of excrement or urine.
As a form of prevention, Scarsi recommended that "it is very important that in the workplace, where there may be leftover food, there is no litter and they are ventilated as this helps stop the virus." "At the perimeter of the house, about 35 yards around, you should keep the grass short and do not accumulate garbage nearby", he added.
And after noting that "the health system is ready to receive and treat cases of hantavirus," said the official: "What we have increased is the epidemiological surveillance, in contact with the municipalities of each district to have the case report ". We have reports of other cases under study because the symptoms are very similar to other types of diseases. "
Secretary of Government Adolfo Rubinstein warned that "it is working together on a contingency plan if the situation worsens, but that selective isolation is giving results like the last cases in the South." They were in this situation, which prevents new infections. " "The cases in other areas of the country are of environmental transmission and are not linked to the Epuyén outbreak", he reinforced.
"The hantavirus outbreak in Epuyén seems to be finding its containment, but you do not have to lower your guard," said Rubinstein, who yesterday was with his team on tour at the hospital in Epuyén and Zonal Hospital in Esquel. He also attended a meeting with the teams working in the situation room since the outbreak began and held different meetings with local authorities and experts.
Hantavirus is a serious acute viral disease, caused by hanta virus that is transmitted to people through contact with the saliva, feces and urine of infected (mainly long-tailed) mice that, once dried, can be inhaled. There are different species of hanta virus and the one that caused this outbreak is the Andes Southern strain.