Five flight attendants and a passenger on an airplane were diagnosed with measles in Barcelona, as reported on Sunday. Head of preventive medicine at the city's Hospital de Clínicas, the epidemiologist Antoni Trilla. In his profile on Twitter, the expert specified that those affected traveled on domestic flights and to other European Union countries during the month of November and that due to the study of the cases, the emergence of new victims is not ruled out.
Last April, the Public Health Agency of Catalonia (ASPCAT) reported a measles outbreak at the Verge de la Cinta de Tortosa hospital, which affected ten people, five staff from the center or outside contractors and five others. the hospital or who have been in contact with any of the infected employees. None required entry.
Most people detected with measles this year in Catalonia have contracted the virus in other countries where there are outbreaks of measles open. In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) excluded Spain last August from the outbreak of measles in Europe: "The transmission in Spain of measles and rubella viruses has been interrupted for more than 36 months and is therefore considered to be eliminated," the agency wrote in a letter to the Health Ministry.
Measles is an infectious viral disease characterized by high fever, runny nose and a very characteristic rash. This disease, which can be prevented through an immunization collected within the public network vaccination schedule, is not benign. It can generate very serious complications (pneumonia or encephalitis, among others) and, in one in a thousand cases, until death. Globalization and passenger mobility on international travel have favored the spread of this virus, which, despite having an effective prevention system (the vaccine), is gaining strength in many European countries due to the increase in anti-vaccination movements.
At the end of last November, the WHO published a report in which it pointed out that cases of measles increased in 2017 and 110,000 people died of the disease. The agency blamed this increase in inequalities in vaccine coverage across countries.