Last Sunday the Seremi de Salud de Los Lagos confirmed the existence of the first case of contagion with hanta virus this 2019. She is an employee of the Palena Health Service, who was transferred from the emergency room to the Chiropractor's Hospital in Santiago.
In turn, on Wednesday said there is a second suspected case in southern Chile. The 48-year-old man was transferred to the Temuco Hospital after a positive test for a rapid test.
Precautions regarding this virus have intensified in recent weeks, after Argentina emerged an outbreak that has left 9 dead so far.
What are the keys to avoiding this? How can they be contagious? What are the symptoms that appear? Then we leave you everything there is to know about hanta virus.
1. What is hanta virus?
It is a virus that is in some wild mice that can infect humans, causing problems in the lungs and heart.
According to the Institute of Public Health, the habitat of these rodents extends from the southern tip of the Atacama Desert to the southern tip of the Aysen region. The animal lives on land where the surface is covered by 70% of weeds and shrubs and where there is proximity to water sources.
The virus does not withstand sunlight, nor airflow, disinfectant, alcohol and detergents. For this reason, Clínica Las Condes ensures that cleanliness is key and give the following tips:
- Vent at least 30 minutes to a house or room that has been locked for an extended period of time.
- To clean with chlorine and detergent all over the place, that is, on floors, walls and specifically in the kitchen.
- Eliminate all types of waste and food waste.
- Store food with lids and never leave the surface in the air.
Out of home
- Implement security measures to prevent access by rats
- Clean the grounds, keep them clean and free of debris.
For those camping the recommendations are:
- Use a tent with the floor.
- Consume potable, boiled or bottled water.
- Camping in clean, clean places where there is no rodent sample.
- Organize the trash properly and away from the tent.
Read too: Provide recommendations to prevent the spread of the Hanta virus
3. How does it spread?
The Ministry of Health indicates that the virus is transmitted in the following scenarios:
- When breathing drops or air contaminated by urine, excrement or saliva from an infected mouse.
- Swallowing water or food contaminated by rodents.
- Having contact with rat secretions or manipulating objects that incubate the virus.
- Being bitten by a rodent.
- Respiratory, specifically in closed places or where there were presence of infected mice.
Read too: National scientists would have found cure for hanta
Not all infected people have the same symptoms, so the Las Condes Clinic differentiates the following steps:
- Incubation: It is the first phase of the disease and where there are no symptoms. It goes from one to six weeks.
- Initial: The symptoms are similar to those of the flu, as there is nasal congestion, fever, chills, muscle aches, headache, decay, cough, sweating, nausea and vomiting. They can last from one day to five.
- Cardiopulmonary: The cough is sharp and intense, difficulty breathing appears and blood pressure is low.
It should be noted that If you experience these symptoms, a specialist should be consulted immediately.. Any questions about this can be contacted with the number health responses 600 360 777 from Minsal.
– Ministry of Health (@ministeriosalud) January 9, 2019