So far, there have been six cases, two of which ended in death. The last story in the area was in 1996
The deputy director of the Esquel Area Program of the Chubut Ministry of Health, Jorge Elías, admitted in the last hours that he is "in a situation of hantavirus outbreak in the city of Epuyén, of which there has been no history in the region since 1996." , when a similar event occurred in the city of El Bolsón, in Río Negro. "
The specialist explained that the cases of hantavirus are classified as "outbreak" because "they occur in the same context, in the locality of Epuyen at the same time and in the same place", then the possibility has settled in the last hours. which was transmitted through interpersonal contagion.
The most common and well-known form of how the epidemic spreads is through the virus that transmits the small rodent "Oligoryzomys longicaudatus", known as "raglan mouse" in the mountain range, a region where it proliferates especially during the flowering period. cane colihue.
However, the multi-sector team that was formed with specialists from the Nation and, "after several hours of analysis of the situation and with the updated data, we conclude on the hypothesis of inter-human transmission until ruling out otherwise," Elías acknowledged.
At the moment of describing the person-to-person contagion now accepted as hypothesis, the official explained that "the first element taken into account is that it is a unique and extraordinary case in time and space, because all positive cases were the same place" .
He also clarified that "the second element taken into account is the time line of 7 and 21 days that occurred in the symptomatic situation in positive cases" which rose to six confirmed by Malbrán.
And the third element is that "after a week of intense work we did not have positive rodent catches in the traps placed both in the event room where people were in contact and in the peridomicilios of those affected."
According to the last part published, there are six positive cases so far, of which two were deceased, two patients who were discharged, one hospitalized at the Intensive Care Unit of the Zonal Hospital of Esquel in the weaning process of the respirator and remaining ambulatory in good condition clinics
However, in the last hours another patient was added whose situation is not confirmed yet if he presents the same clinical picture: he is a municipal employee of Epuyén, companion of the deceased of 61 years, that is in study although without a respirator and its situation is not criticism
For all this, it should be said that hantavirus infections in Chubut are "expected" since it is an area at risk for the virus. "The northwest area of Chubut has been a hantativist transmission zone since the mid-1990s, unfortunately it is not surprising that there are cases," said Tomás Orduna, an infectious disease specialist at the Argentine Society of Infectious Diseases and Head of Tropical Medicine at Muñiz Hospital .
Orduna said that the deaths recorded so far "are within the unfortunately expected, because it is a risk zone and we still have twenty percent lethality of the virus in Argentina."
In any case, the professional stressed that in the country "we are at a level of mortality below the world level, which is thirty to forty percent."