Childhood Diabetes: How to recognize the disease that affects "Monito" Vidal | Life


When the small Alonso "Monito" Vidal won the Best Youtuber award at Copihue de Oro, sent a message to children suffering from diseases.

"I want to tell all the people, the children who suffer diseases, that we have no limits and we can do what we want," said the son of soccer player Arturo Vidal.

And is that Alonso suffers from Type 1 diabetes, which has been an issue that keeps your parents concerned.

But what is this disease? and what are your symptoms? According to the Bupa Clinic, the most common diabetes that develops in childhood is Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, which affects 90% of children with this chronic disease. The latter is characterized by generating hyperglycemia (excess blood sugar), the result of an insulin deficit in the body.

According to the agency, when a child is diagnosed with diabetes, the role of parents or caregivers is essential to maintain quality of life, develop and carry out childhood activities, as the main recommendation is to keep the diabetes controlled.

There are 4 types of diabetes that are more frequent in the childhood phase, says the clinic. "Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 affects 90% of diagnosed cases, whereas Monogenic or MODY Diabetes affects 5% of patients in the neonatal period. The least frequent diabetes is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2), as well as the specific type Diabetes (caused by syndromes , drugs, endocrinopathies, etc.), which affect only 5% of patients ", indicate.

Soledad Villanueva, a children's endocrinologist at the Bupa Santiago Clinic, says that "diabetes in children is considered a condition of life that, if well treated, should not prevent them from doing anything, such as high level sports, athletics, skating, among others physical activities ".

In this sense, they indicate that it is important to know that this chronic disease can arise from the 6 months of life, requiring for its control and treatment the subcutaneous administration of insulin. In relation to the factors that trigger the development of this type of diabetes in children, the endocrinologist reveals that "There is a genetic susceptibility and environmental factors that trigger it, currently there is no way to avoid it.It is estimated by figures from the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) that there were in 2015, 542,000 patients under 15 years of age with DM1, with an annual incidence growth of 3% ".

Because it is a chronic disease, control and treatment are critical because they can cause damage, dysfunction, and failure in a variety of organs, especially the eyes, kidneys, nervous system, heart, and blood vessels in long-term children.

"About the global numbers of diabetes in the world, in 2015 it was estimated that 415 million people, children and adults, had this disease and it is projected until 2040 that 642 million people will be diabetic," says Villanueva.

Symptoms and complications

Among the most common symptoms caused by diabetes, the endocrinologist identifies the following:

* Frank hyperglycemia, produced by blood glucose levels above 200 mg / dl (normal is between 70-130 mg / dl).

* Polyuria, that is, abundant excretion of urine. They go to the bathroom a lot.

* Polydipsia, exaggerated need to drink liquids and lose weight in the short term.

* Polyphagia, exaggerated feeling of hunger.

* Blurred vision.

* Growth retardation and a greater tendency to develop infections.

Among the consequences or complications that long-term uncontrolled diabetes can cause, the most common are loss of vision (retinopathy), chronic renal failure (nephropathy), and risk of developing foot ulcers (neuropathy), as well as amputations of the extremities, point of the clinic.

At the cardiovascular level, the endocrinologist warns: "Patients with diabetes have a higher incidence of atherosclerotic, peripheral, and cerebrovascular cardiovascular disease. Hypertension and alterations in lipoprotein metabolism are frequent findings in this type of patients."

Tips and good habits to take care of children's health

About the life habits that parents should instill in children with diabetes, the endocrinologist recommends following these tips:

* Sport in eutrophic children: They are children of normal weight (normal weight) who are recommended to perform physical activity for 1 hour, 3 times a week. In obese children, the level of physical activity should increase to 1 hour per day, every day, as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

* Nutritional contribution: It is similar to that of a developing child, with a total contribution of 50% to 55% of carbohydrates, of the total daily calories. Parents and diabetic children should know and cope with the carbohydrate counts of food in order to adjust the dose of insulin to be given.

* Insulin management: The endocrinologist points out that parent education about insulin management is essential, especially on days of disease crisis. It is important for parents to learn to adjust their insulin dose when children play sports, recommending that "anyone who is caring for a diabetic child should know the concepts of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia, their effects and the types of insulin that should be administered" . .


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