During the last years in Chile, specifically between 2013
and 2015, the cancer mortality rate showed an increase of 139 cases per 100
thousand inhabitants in 2013, to 143 in 2015; according to the latest figures
manages the Ministry of Health (Minsal).
According to the slogan La Tercera, during the first government of Sebastián
Piñera, was designed to reduce the cancer mortality rate to 97 cases per year.
100 inhabitants in 2020. However, the Minister of Health, Emilio Santelices,
discarded that this projection can be achieved, indicating as one of the causes
increased risk factors.
Within these agents are aging
population, smoking, sedentary lifestyle and obesity. In the latter
the ranking of the United Nations Organization for Agriculture and Food
Agriculture (FAO) places Chile as the second OECD country with the largest
obesity, indicating that 34.4% of Chileans over 15 years of age
high rates of this disease.
In the case of women, breast cancer is presented as
the main cause of death in Chileans, this type of cancer is the most
treated by GES, with 37%, followed by cervical cancer with 13%. Similarly,
If in 1990, 823 women died of breast cancer, by 2015 the number increased
1,511, an increase of 35% over 26 years.
Among the risk indicators associated with breast cancer
the age of the patients is found as one of the most important factors,
presenting a higher risk in women over 60 years. On the other hand,
Family history and obesity also play an important role in
development of this disease.
Law of Cancer
On October 25, the president of
the Republic, Sebastián Piñera, announced that they will work on a Cancer Law,
indicating as a starting point the implementation of a National Policy of
Cancer, which aims to ensure that all Chileans
dignity and effectiveness of the State and civil society at the
face this disease.