Away from the perfect diet



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The idea that disturbs our mind at the moment of eat (some more often or guilty than others) is that doing wrong fatten O sick. But did you know that it kills more people than tobacco or cancer? It is the brutal conclusion of a to study, made by more than 100 scientists, which has just been published this week. There are at least 11 million deaths a year due to excess sugar and salt, and lack of fruits, cereals integral and legumes.

This figure, which can be read in The Lancet, and in hundreds of media outlets that have replicated the news, accounts for almost a fifth of 57 million deaths that occur on the planet annually, and is higher than the deaths attributed to tobacco (7 million, according to the World Health Organization, WHO), cancer (8.2 million), heart attacks (5.5 million) and obesity (2.8 million).

These 11 million are distributed among the diseases cardiovascular (10 million), food-related cancers such as colon (900,000) and diabetes (300,000). Of course, all these aspects are related, and there are nutrition-related deaths that manifest as cancer.

The work was funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates and is based on data collection on the ingestion of 15 nutrients in 195 countries. Specifically, it has been established that a diet low in fruitsvegetables, legumes, grains, nuts and seeds, milk, fiber, calcium, omega-3 fatty acids food marine, fats polyunsaturated or high in beef red and processed, drinks sugary, fats trans and sodium (whose main source is salt).

Within this complicated balance (ingesting less than one thing and more), the authors state that the study confirms "what many thought": "That a poor diet (in foods that must be present) accounts for more deaths than any other risk factor in the world, "says lead author Christopher Murray, director of the Institute of Metrics and Health Assessment at the University of Washington.

This is why Murray goes further and points to the need to redefine campaigns to good practices in nutrition. "While the salt, the sugar and the grease has been the focus of debate over the last two decades, our work suggests that main factors they also have to do with the low intake of meals healthy, such as whole grains, fruits, nuts, and seeds (nuts) and vegetables, "he says.Excess salt and inadequate whole grains and fruits account for half of these 11 million deaths, according to the study.

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