Tuesday , November 24 2020

The United States is about restoring Iranian abuses. Here is what it means: NPR



An Iranian woman is leaving the US Embassy in Tehran, which depicts the Statue of Liberty with a dead face. Just a few days later, while the United States plans to restore more sanctions, they question what the spell is in the world.

Aatta Kenare / AFP / Getty Images


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Aatta Kenare / AFP / Getty Images

An Iranian woman is leaving the US Embassy in Tehran, which depicts the Statue of Liberty with a dead face. Just a few days later, while the United States plans to restore more sanctions, they question what the spell is in the world.

Aatta Kenare / AFP / Getty Images

It lasts about two days as long as the full range of American sanctions goes back to Iran. State Secretary Mike Pompeo told reporters that economic sanctions imposed on the Iranian regime on Friday at 12 o'clock return to the invisible level as the United States discussed the 2015 multilateral nuclear agreement.

The move "is aimed at depriving the revenue system that is used to spread death and destruction in the world," said Pompeo. "Our ultimate goal is to force Iran to stop well-documented prohibited activities and behave like a normal country."

In the case of spacious shocks, Friday's announcement is not surprising.

Since May, when he accepted President Trump to unilaterally withdraw the United States from the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan, his government has sent telegrams to his intention to restore the sanctions that have been lifted as part of the seven-nation pact. The administration in August has already imposed a stringent sanction; now restores total sanctions – and even hundreds of names on the list, says Steven Mnuchin Treasury.

"The Ministry of Finance gives over 700 names to the blocked list," said Mnuchin, who came to Pompeii on Friday. "This includes hundreds of targets for sanctioned sanctions for JCPOA and more than 300 new titles, much more than we ever did."

Trump's management plans to provide temporary exemptions for eight "legal" powers, which Pompeo said would grant six-month exemption from US punishments while "giving mercy" to their oil business with Iran.

Within a few days, Trump's administration announcement gives you the opportunity to step back, understand the context – and answer some of the key questions that go through the move:

What is concrete on Monday?
Why do United States offerings offer some countries?
What is Trump Administration Purpose?
How does Iran react?
What is happening now with the Iranian nuclear agreement?

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo will briefly brief the media in Washington, D. Pompeo on Friday said the withdrawal of impending sanctions would "force Iran to leave his well-documented prohibited activities permanently and act as a normal country."

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Secretary of State Mike Pompeo will briefly brief the media in Washington, D. Pompeo on Friday said the withdrawal of impending sanctions would "force Iran to leave his well-documented prohibited activities permanently and act as a normal country."

Jim Watson / AFP / Getty Images

What is concrete on Monday?

As part of the 2015 nuclear agreement, the Obama administration has imposed a number of sanctions on the Iranian economy. This move has been a relief to Iran, never more than in the oil and banking sectors: Iranian tankers have once again gained access to European and Asian markets, and the country has gained $ 100 billion in capital investing overseas.

When Trump's agency re-enforced the first major sanctions this year, it meant stepping down the barriers to Iranian metals, the automotive industry and the aviation industry. But Iran's oil and banking sectors are expected to make the most of the sanctions – and precisely the areas targeted by its administration on Monday.

The White House says that it is after big oil exporters, shipping companies and major Iranian banks, including the central bank of the country and other financial institutions. And it also "targets those who try to offend or play [the sanctions]. "

"One hundred percent of the proceeds from the sale of Iranian crude oil will be held in foreign accounts and Iran can only be used for humanitarian trade or for trade in bilateral, non-sanctioned goods and services," Pompeo said on Friday.

The purpose of further penalties is to "reduce revenue for bankroll terrorist groups, global instability, financing nuclear and ballistic missile programs, and enriching its leaders".

However, trade with Iran is not a limitation.

The White House will continue to allow the sale of humanitarian goods to Iran – for example, food, medicine and raw agricultural products. The United Nations Supreme Court last month ruled that the US should not impose sanctions on Iranian Iranian humanitarian products.

Why do United States offerings offer some countries?

Ideally, the White House wants all its trading partners to cut off all Iranian oil purchases. In reality, even if a country wants to fully meet this demand, it takes time to find alternative suppliers of such a key resource.

As Reuters reports, some Iranian top customers – including China and Turkey – are pushing the United States back, saying they do not have enough oil production elsewhere to meet their demands.

So Trump's management says it offers eight governments temporarily, but "just because they have proven a significant decline in their oil and many other areas, and made significant steps without importing crude oil," Pompeo said on Friday.

He noted that two of the eight agreed to permanently stop Iranian oil imports, while others agreed to "import at significantly reduced levels".

Pompeo has refused to identify the eight jurisdictions which are exempt, although he clarified that the entire European Union would not be among them. He said the list would be released when the sanctions were re-executed.

What is Trump Administration Purpose?

Above all, the goal is not to get the Iranian government cash.

Pompeo calls this "maximum pressure" campaign to ensure that Iran does not have the funds to support the United States' views on destabilizing influences in the Middle East. This includes the Lebanese Islamist militant group Hezbollah; the Houthi rebels in Yemen; and Syrian President Bashar Assad.

And finally, the White House hopes to force Iran to return to the negotiating table to create a new nuclear agreement. Administrative officials have said that Trump is willing to meet with Iran to assist the transaction, but only if it is more favorable to the United States.

According to the administration, sanctions have deprived Iran of $ 2 billion in the past few months and that the Iranian economy is in crisis. But Pompey had to be careful to note that Washington's actions "are directed to the order, not to the people of Iran."

The United States argues that it is not aimed at the overthrow of the Iranian regime, but has repeatedly encouraged the Iranians to protest their government and demand a "huge change". This could ultimately lead to widespread confusion or even severe misery by Iranian leaders.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani meets in Teheran last week. The leader urged legislators to help his government "resist" and "fight" in the United States when it restored sanctions against the country.

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Ebrahim Noroozi / AP

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani meets in Teheran last week. The leader urged legislators to help his government "resist" and "fight" in the United States when it restored sanctions against the country.

Ebrahim Noroozi / AP

How does Iran react?

Of course, no one criticized the sanctions as Iran's leadership.

"Unfortunately, the United States has left the nuclear agreement because of unfounding allegations and ignoring international commitments, and has imposed extraterritorial and unilateral sanctions on Iran and extending it to other countries," said Iranian President Hassan Rouhani in Financial Times on Thursday.

It also referred to United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231, which soon supported the nuclear agreement shortly after 2015.

"The United States is in fact a threatening state that attempts to comply with Resolution 2231 with criminal measures", added Rouhani. "It is a scorn of international decisions and blackmailing the responsible parties who want to keep them."

On Friday, the Iranian Foreign Ministry has caused mistrust and contempt in the United States' decision.

"America will not be able to take any action against our great and brave nation," Bahram Qasemi, a spokeswoman for the Foreign Ministry, told state media at Reuters. "We know and are able to handle the economic affairs of the country."

This part of this confidence stems from the fact that only the US withdrew from the deal. The remaining seven signatories are still committed – this raises a final question …

Foreign ministers, including former deputy John Kerry, including John Farley (far right right), will produce pictures in July 2015, shortly after the Iranian nuclear agreement in Vienna.

Joe Klamar / AFP / Getty Images


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Foreign ministers, including former deputy John Kerry, including John Farley (far right right), will produce pictures in July 2015, shortly after the Iranian nuclear agreement in Vienna.

Joe Klamar / AFP / Getty Images

What is happening now with the Iranian nuclear agreement?

Iran signed the deal in 2015 with the United States, the United States, France, Germany, Russia, China and Germany, and U.N. Security Council approved shortly afterwards. From that moment on, the United States is the only party to renounce the multilateral agreement.

This is partly due to the fact that the International Atomic Energy Agency, whose inspectors oversaw a large part of Iran's nuclear fuel production facilities, has repeatedly stated that Iran respects the terms of the deal.

Despite the fact that the White House is accusing the deal – namely that it is not hard enough and that it will expire in a decade – many analysts have stated that they effectively prevent Iran from building nuclear weapons.

The agreement "works and fulfills its purpose," EU, France, Germany and United States representatives said on Friday in a joint statement.

"We are still committed to implementing JCPoA, respecting international agreements and common international security, and we expect Iran to play a constructive role in this respect."

New American sanctions, however, make it even harder for Iran to get money and Iran's main incentive to sign the deal. Countries that still support the business warn that if Iran reduces the benefits, it may force the IAEA to re-raise its nuclear program.


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