Teen vaping in Canada took a worrying turn & # 39;


As he recorded his latest data on vaping rates among Canadian teenagers, David Hammond of the University of Waterloo tried to find reasons not to believe in his own research.

That's because the results were troubling.

According to their numbers, Canadian teenage vaping rates have increased substantially, similar to the dramatic increase in the US, where rates have risen 80% in a year, a trend the FDA has called the "epidemic."

We all want these results to be untrue.– David Hammond, University of Waterloo

"We are trying to find ways in which these data are not robust. We can not find any reason," said Hammond, a professor of public health.

"All the signs are very worrying."

And even more disturbing – adolescent smoking seemed to be increasing for the first time in 30 years.

"There are also troubling findings about smoking rates and signs that progress in reducing smoking among young people may have stagnated," he said, adding that more research is needed to confirm their findings.

"We all want these findings to be untrue."

First snapshot since Juul came to Canada

The Hammond data is the first evidence of what has happened since the vaping landscape of Canada changed drastically in May. It was when the new federal law made it legal to sell nicotine vaping products.

A second major change happened a few months later, when the powerful vape Juul officially entered the Canadian market. The Juul vaping appliance is designed to provide a quick injection of nicotine into the brain, just like a cigarette would. And teens love it.

Students outside of West Carleton High School in Ontario have e-cigars. (Hallie Cotnam / CBC)

Once Hammond saw the disturbing trends of the past six months, he decided he could not keep the data until it was published in a scientific journal months from now.

Instead, he presented his findings at a meeting of the federal Scientific Advisory Board on Vaping Products when he met on November 19. There were six or seven employees of the Canadian Health Ministry in the room.

"Part of my job as an expert is to speak to the evidence that I know and understand, and we have that evidence."

He knew that Health Canada would not see new data emerging from the Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drug Research in progress for another year. He wanted policymakers to be aware of the new and potentially alarming trend.

"If your job is to regulate the vaping, I do not know how anyone would not worry about some of the market trends we saw."

However, when Health Minister Ginette Petitpas Taylor was questioned on Wednesday about teenage vapors rates, she said Canadian rates did not match US trends.

"The numbers that are coming out of the States are not the same as Canada," Petitpas Taylor told reporters.

Citing data collected a year and a half ago, she said, "At this point, we do not see an alarming increase, but we continue to look at the situation.

Health Canada officials told CBC News in an e-mail that the minister had not seen Hammond's research when she made those comments.

On Thursday, Hammond sent all of his work to Health Canada, while sending it for publication.

"Any new and emerging data suggesting an increase in youth vapors or tobacco use would be a concern for the minister," said Sean Burgess, director of media relations at the Canadian Health Ministry in an e-mail.

Health Canada will evaluate & # 39; actions

"After reviewing the recently provided data, Health Canada will evaluate what additional actions are necessary and leverage additional authorities in the Tobacco and Vaping Products Act."

But Hammond's data is not the only sign that the teen vaping took off in Canada.

Last week, a high school in North Vancouver closed almost all student toilets to keep children from school.

In Ontario, the Durham County Health Department said local data from the area around Oshawa, Ontario, show that 17% of high school students are vaping. "There are five students in all classes of 30!" the Department tweeted this week.

Dante Caloia risked the wrath of his colleagues by publishing an article warning of teenage vapors at his school in Ottawa. (Hallie Cotnam / CBC)

On November 27, Dante Caloia risked the wrath of his high school classmates by publishing a statement from the vaping front lines, in a column published by CBC News Ottawa.

"I found many, many times that I went into bathrooms and saw tons of children vaping," said Caloia. "I really have some friends who literally can not go for a few minutes without having to beat their Juul or their Vape."

So far, Health Canada's primary method of controlling vaping of adolescents is through restrictions on how vape products are promoted. As of November 19, there can be no candy labels and no commercial appealing to young people using celebrities or animal characters. Candy flavors can still be sold, just not advertised.

Meanwhile, vape fans are advertising each other on YouTube and social media, posting videos blowing vaping rings and performing other stunning tricks.

All this while health authorities repeat their mantra – if you still do not smoke, do not vape.

"What we do not want to see is that a new generation of people who would not be smokers become long-term smokers or, worse, go into smoking," said James Van Loon, director general of the Tobacco Control Board. Health Canada.

"We really do not think any young people should be using electronic cigarettes because of the health risks we know of and possibly the most important health risks we do not know."

Limited evidence that vaping helps smokers quit

The underlying vaping philosophy is based on the theory that smokers will abandon their cigarettes by vaping and then eventually stop vaping and shake their nicotine addiction completely.

But there is little evidence of this.

"By far, most smokers who try vaping can not stop smoking, and they either become dual users or go back to smoking cigarettes exclusively," said Robert Schwartz, executive director of the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit.

While they expect adult smokers to switch, health officials appear prepared to risk exposing a whole generation to a nicotine addiction.

That's because, unlike other smoking cessation products, the vaping did not sit quietly on the shelf beside the nicotine gum and the stickers.

A video vape trick has over eight million views on YouTube. (Posted on youtube by vAustinL)

Instead, a powerful vaping industry is building up as the world's tobacco companies introduce new vape products and invest in successful startups.

Earlier this week, tobacco giant Altria, the controller of Marlboro cigarette maker Philip Morris, was reportedly considering buying a piece of Juul, which dominates the multibillion-dollar electronic cigarette market.

The product is nicotine.– William Dunn's tobacco industry scientist in 1972

It is a product revolution that the tobacco industry tried and failed to launch decades ago.

Stanford University historian Stephan Risi has uncovered documents revealing how tobacco companies started secret research programs designed to design a smoke-free cigarette in the 1960s.

"It was also the time when many tobacco companies began to think that what they are selling is not so much tobacco, they are actually individual doses of nicotine," said Risi, pointing to evidence from industry archives.

"The cigarette should be conceived not as a product but as a package. The product is nicotine," William Dunn, a Philip Morris scientist, wrote in a confidential memo in 1972.

In the same year, RJ Reynolds research executive Claude Teague wrote in a confidential planning report: "A tobacco product is in essence a vehicle for the delivery of nicotine, designed to provide nicotine in a generally acceptable way and attractive. "

Now that Juul and others have solved this problem, the tobacco industry is on the front line, marketing a new device that, when used as intended, will create a nicotine addiction in the user.


Source link