New Delhi, November 18 (IANS) Antibiotic-resistant infections are spreading wings in India, killing more than 58,000 children each year, while uncontrolled dumping of untreated urban waste into water bodies is affecting aquatic life and the environment environment.
With some of the highest antibiotic-resistant bacteria commonly causing infections in the community and in health facilities, India suffers severely, recalls the Center for Disease Dynamics Economics and Policy (CDDEP), as the World Antibiotics Awareness Week 2018 ends at Sunday.
"Every year, globally, nearly 700,000 lives are lost. More than 58,000 children die every year in India alone from antibiotic-resistant infections, "CDDEP said.
Resistance to antibiotics is the ability of bacteria and disease-causing microorganisms to resist antibiotics or medications due to adaptation.
In early 2017, a team of experts from India and Sweden also warned of the uncontrolled disposal of partially treated and untreated urban waste in rivers – leading to the spread of antibiotic resistance.
According to the CDDEP survey, global use of antibiotics in humans has increased by 65% in 2015 since 2000, while consumption in low- and middle-income countries has increased by 114%.
"India had the highest increase in antibiotic use by 103%. This has resulted in a modern crisis, with the shortage of effective antibiotics and a weak flow of new antibiotics, "said Jyoti Joshi, chief of South Asia, CDDEP.
CDDEP research has shown that resistance to broad-spectrum antibiotics is detected in more than 70% of organisms that cause pneumonia and sepsis.
"As a leader in the production of essential medicines that include antibiotics, India is known as the world's pharmacy. But the other side of that is that the toxic effluents from these manufacturing sites cause even greater destruction in Indian rivers and the environment, "said Joshi.
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