Health care in the pocket: how smartphones will prevent diseases



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Здравоохранение в кармане: как смартфоны будут предупреждать болезни

Health care moves slowly to the smartphone. Heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure and body temperature, blood sugar levels. All this can track a mobile technology: if the performance is not correct, it's time to consult a doctor. Some devices promise to stop the spill in a few hours. These devices are attached to the body or used as a wristband or watch, and all health indicators are displayed through a smartphone application.

All together, it was named mHealth – mobile health.

How Mobile Health

Electrocardiogram for 10 seconds on a smartphone. And pulse, frequency and depth of breathing and temperature. All this measures Cardiomo a small device that is trapped under the chest. All data is continuously transmitted to a smartphone. If suddenly some indicators are not normal, Cardiomo gives advice on how to normalize their status, for example. If the status is critical, the device will ask to go to the doctor and information about the person's health will be sent to relatives.

"One day I called my mother. She complained that her third day of headache, can not get out of bed and she is sick. I asked what you called me, you did not. He says he did not want to distract me. This upset me, and then I thought about the device that removes the medical information and displays in an understandable way through the application on your smartphone. In the end, we did Cardiomo. It is a device that takes high quality cardiogram, respiratory rate, skin temperature and shows on the smartphone. Importantly, it conveys the dynamics. For example, if the device realizes that the pulse is not the same as always, it compares the ECG and gives advice on how to normalize the pulse or recommends that you see a doctor. Equally important, if something goes wrong, this family will get an incentive message on their cell phone, "says Roman Belkin, co-founder of startup Cardiomo.

Family doctor Yuri Bykov considers this device a good path to self-health. But I'm not sure if I have to.

"I often see on the wrists of patients fitness wristbands or smart watches. This is great, if they follow their activity, they reach the goal. If, for example, a person will notice that the pressure or heart rate is above normal and will come to me, I am glad he has drawn attention to his health. However, in his office, I did not believe the pressure will show the gadget, "- said Bykov.

Health of future gadgets

Health care will increasingly be linked to mobile technologies. The next step in developing the Belkin novel called Health 3.0. For example, people who used to entrust their health to the hospital and the doctors – only doctors could decipher the results of the diagnosis. The patient does not understand what it is and just does what they say – drink some pills or do certain procedures.

We are now in the phase of Health 2.0 – the health of the patient attending a doctor – a family doctor who may need to send to a specialized doctor.

"Health3.0 closes everything specifically in person and depends on your health. But to understand what he does and what is wrong. Appeared for the first time in the supermarket, when people can monitor their activity. Then, more complex devices that measure pulse, blood pressure, electrocardiogram, "said the Belkin.

325 today is available for download from thousands of mobile health applications. Half of them synchronized with other gadgets, such as fitness wristbands, according to Research2Guidance study. Such programs in the user world have fallen 3.7 billion times. But there is no criterion of efficiency or selection.

Pioneers could become the United States. A year ago, in the United States, it adopted a plan for the development of digital health. In America application seriously considered as a tool to improve public health. For example, to combat obesity, cardiovascular disease. And the FDA's Office of Product Quality and Medicines – is to test the effectiveness of gadgets and gives recommendations for their use. Recently, the FDA approved the use of the first non-injectable blood glucose meter FreeStyle Free for diabetics. The unit gives the option of not donating blood while measuring blood glucose level, but needs to check it after each meal. The FDA also issued instructions to use Apple Watch for medical purposes.

In Europe, the background of population aging and the rising costs of health care also see potential in mobile health.

Health solutions can help detect the development of chronic conditions at an early stage through automatic and remote diagnostics and facilitate timely intervention. Attention to prevention can improve quality of life and even increase life expectancy by finding new ways to promote "healthy behaviors," according to the European Commission's Green Mobile Health Book.

According to forecasts by mHealth Economics, the digital healthcare market will increasingly see technological solutions for diabetics. For diabetes followed by obesity and depression.

However, in the near future of personal electronics is unlikely to replace medical equipment, said Sergey Mityaev, co-founder and creative director of Gagadget. At the same time, regular use can serve as a monitoring tool and avoid serious health consequences.

"The main health problem is that patients go to the doctor when everything is" running ". Modern trackers have good reliability know how to count the pulse. The new Apple watch lets you measure the ECG. In the future, these devices will be even more so. Its main objective is to constantly monitor indicators and report (first user, and in the future) when they go beyond the norm. Modern clinics are already impossible without computers. All doctors use Viber to send files (monitoring results, reviews, and so on), "said Mityaev.

Здравоохранение в кармане: как смартфоны будут предупреждать болезни

Здравоохранение в кармане: как смартфоны будут предупреждать болезни

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