A black person is 20 times more likely to be killed by police than a white person in Canada's largest city, according to a new conviction report from the Ontario-based human rights agency.
The Ontario Human Rights Commission has studied seven years of data relating to the interactions between police and black residents in Toronto for the report, which was released on Monday and found that the city's black citizens are disproportionately discriminated against by the police.
The group also spoke to 130 people in Black communities about their experience of "fear, trauma and humiliation," which prompted "mistrust and expectations of negative treatment by the police."
"Even where individuals have not had firsthand experience, high profile incidents or the experiences of friends and family have reinforced the community's mistrust," the report said.
The study found that while less than 10% of Toronto's 2.7 million people are black, they account for 30% of incidents of police force use that result in serious injury or death, 60% of fatal encounters with the police and 70% of fatal police shootings.
The numbers have not changed since 2000.
The report also said that officers involved in incidents sometimes provided biased and untrustworthy testimonies, attempted inappropriately to prevent the incidents from being recorded and failed to cooperate with the investigating unit.
We talk to 130 people in black communities. We hear firsthand about their experiences and the resulting fear, trauma, humiliation, mistrust and expectations of negative treatment by the police. Read # Collective Impact: https://t.co/89KlZgi0J7 Share: https://t.co/cuJApEyixh pic.twitter.com/w8RGoEfGGj
– The OHRC (@OntHumanRights) December 10, 2018
"This interim report is the latest in a set of reports, findings and recommendations – over the past 30 years – that point to persistent concerns about policing anti-black racism in Toronto." Our interim findings are troubling and require immediate action, Renu said. Mandhare, Ontario's human rights commissioner, told reporters on Monday.
No institution is immune to prejudices & # 39;
In addition to the use of force, the report examined "carding" – a process where the police hold individuals and collect personal information – saying that there was often no legal basis to prevent people and that the meetings often included "inappropriate or inappropriate searches" . and "unnecessary accusations or arrests".
The report said such meetings could reduce the effectiveness of the Toronto police force by creating a "fractured" relationship between black residents and the police.
Toronto Police responded on Monday by issuing a statement acknowledging the concerns raised in the report and promising to build efforts to deal with prejudice.
"We recognize that there are people within the black communities of Toronto who feel that because of the color of their skin, the police, including when it comes to the use of force, sometimes treated them differently.
"We understand that this has created a sense of mistrust that has gone on for generations. We – the Board and the Service – know that by just recognizing these experiences we can continue to work with our community partners to make significant changes."
"The Board and Services acknowledge that no institution or organization, including the Toronto Police, is immune from explicit and implicit tendencies … We have worked for several years to address these challenges in a variety of ways."
Police have accepted the commission's recommendation to continue supporting racial profiling and discrimination against blacks, but said another recommendation – that police be required to publicly collect and publicly disclose racially based data regarding when they stop, seek, and use force . in civilians – will require more studies.