Carbohydrates are out, fat is in. What else? Check out our top picks for next year.
1. Ghee in your cafe
A mouthful of deshi ghee in his steaming cup of coffee. This strange blend is being branded as the health drink of 2019. It improves energy, mental clarity, focus and satiety, since pure ghee is rich in anti-inflammatory, omega-3, omega-9 and fat-soluble vitamins A, D and E. It is rich in butyric acid, which supports the health and healing of cells in the small and large intestines. This drink high in fat and calories is being called a "breakfast substitute" because it can help you lose weight.
As? Our bodies are not very efficient at carbohydrate metabolism at breakfast, in part due to the increase in cortisol levels upon waking. So when you drink this, you make your body think that you are basically fasting – even though ghee in the coffee means about 300-800 calories.
Caution. Adding sugar will negate the effect of weight loss. And weight loss will only follow if you eat less at the end of the day. In fact, you can gain weight if the rest of your day does not consist of eating "clean" (read low carbohydrate).
2. The Keto diet
The very low carbohydrate diet, called keto or ketogenic diet, is coming back as the most effective weight loss plan. It helps you lose weight effectively by changing the fuel supply of fat that burns the body and not the sugar.
How: The body produces small molecules called "ketones" as an alternative source of energy when blood sugar is at fault. As the body produces ketones, it enters a metabolic state called ketosis. The fastest way to get there is to fast. Another way is a ketogenic diet, when you eat few moderate carbohydrates and proteins.
Caution: Three categories of people should not try this diet: those who take diabetes medications, high blood pressure or are pregnant.
3. Fat Pumps
Move on meat balls high in protein. Here comes "good" fats for snacking – small items made from avocado, nut butters, coconut oil or even cream – that taste good and carry you with the food you need.
4. egg white chips
The crackling of carbohydrates and the nourishment of an omelet. Healthy eateries can be inspired by egg white chips with high protein content and low carbohydrate content.
5. Carb backloading
An on-the-rise trend that prompts you to postpone carbohydrate consumption until dinner when you are encouraged to work out and eat whatever you want. The plan is to time your carbohydrate intake with optimal insulin sensitivity.
6. Bandages for wound monitoring
Engineers at Tufts University in the United States have designed a prototype bandage that can monitor burn wounds and diabetes to provide drug treatments and also improve the chances of wireless healing.
7. blood flow tracing stents
Researchers at the University of British Columbia in Canada have developed the "smart stent." Equipped with a special micro-sensor, it can track blood flow continuously and also send data about the condition of the wireless artery.
8. Intermittent fasting
The intermittent fasting became huge over the past year and 2019 has a new version of the IF: with saturated fats that quench hunger without raising blood sugar level.
9. functional water
This is drinking water with additional health benefits, usually derived from vitamins, minerals, herbs and fruits. As more consumers switch from beverages like soft drinks that are heavy on sugar and calories to beverages that bring more health benefits, functional water is becoming more common on store shelves.
10. Flu Prediction Thermometer
Real-time data from thermometers connected to smartphones can effectively track and predict influenza activity at national and regional levels. Designed by researchers at the University of Iowa, USA.