About 463 million adults, or 9% of the population, have diabetes in 2019, but half of them do not know it, according to data from the Atlas of Diabetes, released Thursday (14).
Brazil is the fifth country with the largest number of people with the condition, but about 46% (7.7 million) of people with the condition are not aware of it.
According to the report, most people with diabetes (79%) live in developing countries such as Brazil. Most cases of diabetes in the world are type 2, related to unhealthy lifestyle habits such as diets, lack of physical activity and obesity.
Type 1 diabetes, on the other hand, is an autoimmune deficiency that usually occurs in childhood and adolescence and impairs insulin production, which is responsible for maintaining normal blood glucose levels.
The trend is that by 2030, 578 million people worldwide will have the disease and that number will reach 700 million adults in 2045 (just over 10% of the world's population).
In all, about 231 million people living with diabetes do not know they have the problem. The report states that ignorance shows the urgent need to improve diabetes detection so that treatment is offered and complications of the disease can be prevented.
According to projections, diabetes and its related complications led to the deaths of 4.2 million adults in 2019. Estimates indicate that the disease is associated with 11% of all deaths in people aged 20 to 79 years.
One of the problems with these deaths is the economic impact they cause as they affect part of the economically active population.
The report notes that world-wide costs directly related to diabetes in people aged 20 to 79 have grown from $ 232 billion in 2007 to $ 727 billion in 2017. By 2019, spending is estimated at $ 760. billion (just over $ 3 trillion).
Given the projected growth in the number of people with the condition, the report conservatively projects that spending will increase by about 8 percent by 2030 and 11 percent by 2045.