The Municipal Health Department confirmed Monday that the city has already registered three confirmed cases of measles this year, all of them imported, that is, with infection occurring outside the city.
According to the briefcase, infections were diagnosed in the capital, but occurred in Norway, Israel and on a ship coming from Malta. The risk is that infected patients outside the country initiate an internal transmission chain. The most susceptible individuals are infants less than one year old, who still can not be immunized, and people who have not taken the vaccine.
As the newspaper revealed The State of S. Paulo, the first case of the year was confirmed at the end of March. Before that, the city was since 2015 without registering cases of the disease.
In addition to the three confirmed infections, the secretariat investigates another 80 suspicious reports. Even before confirmation, epidemiological surveillance technicians carry out blocking vaccination actions to avoid contagion.
In these actions, the municipal agents search unvaccinated people within a radius of eight blocks around the case so that all of them are properly immunized.
This search can also be performed in places frequented by the patient, such as schools, nurseries and businesses. The procedure is a recommendation of the Ministry of Health and must be followed throughout the country.
Measles can be prevented with the triple viral vaccine, which protects against measles, mumps and rubella, and is provided free of charge by the Unified Health System (SUS).
The vaccination schedule consists of two doses: one at 12 months and another at 15 months. For those who did not get vaccinated as a child or are not sure about the immunization, the recommendation is to look for a health post and take the two doses. From the age of 30, only one dose is indicated.
See questions and answers about measles
What are the symptoms of the disease?
The symptoms of measles are high fever, above 38.5 ° C; rash (red rash); cough; coryza; conjunctivitis and white spots that appear on the oral mucosa 1 to 2 days before the onset of the rash.
Can measles kill?
Yes. Infectious complications from measles can lead to death, particularly in malnourished children and under one year of age.
What form of prevention?
As it is an extremely contagious disease, the only way to prevent it is with vaccination, which must be applied in two doses: one at 12 months and the other at 15 months.
Who should get vaccinated?
The first dose should be given to children 12 months of age. Already the second, the children of 15 months (1 year and 3 months). Pregnant women, children less than 6 months old and immunocompromised should not receive the dose. The pregnant woman must wait to be vaccinated after giving birth.
Are adults free of disease?
No. And adults in their 30s should especially watch out. That's because, in the past, vaccination was done at 9 months and in just one dose. Therefore, they should seek the health service to update the vaccination booklet.